The Pacific Theater
Pearl Harbor - Dec. 7, 1941 A date which will live in infamy!
Pearl Harbor Memorial 2,887 Americans Dead!
Bataan Death March: April, 1942 76,000 prisoners [12,000 Americans] Marched 60 miles in the blazing heat to POW camps in the Philippines.
Bataan: British Soldiers A Liberated British POW
The Burma Campaign General Stilwell Leaving Burma, 1942 The “Burma Road”
Japanese Kamikaze Planes:The Scourge of the South Pacific Kamikaze Pilots Suicide Bombers
Battle of Okinawa, April – June 1945 • Known as “Typhoon of Steel” • Largest amphibious assault in Pacific of the War. • Operation Downfall –invasion of main islands in Japan • 48,000 Americans died. 150,000 Japanese civilians died. • Japanese propaganda viewed Americans as “barbarians.” This gave the Japanese the mindset of never surrendering to an American.
Potsdam Conference:July, 1945 • FDR dead, Churchill out of office as Prime Minister during conference. • Stalin only original. • The United States has the A-bomb. • Allies agree Germany is to be divided into occupation zones • Poland moved around to suit the Soviets. P.M. Clement President Joseph Atlee Truman Stalin
Einstein’s Letter In the course of the last four months it has been made probable - through the work of Joliot in France as well as Fermi and Szilard in America - that it may become possible to set up a nuclear chain reaction in a large mass of uranium, by which vast amounts of power and large quantities of new radium-like elements would be generated. Now it appears almost certain that this could be achieved in the immediate future. This new phenomenon would also lead to the construction of bombs, and it is conceivable - though much less certain - that extremely powerful bombs of a new type may thus be constructed. A single bomb of this type, carried by boat and exploded in a port, might very well destroy the whole port together with some of the surrounding territory. However, such bombs might very well prove to be too heavy for transportation by air... Yours very truly, (Albert Einstein)
The Manhattan Project:Los Alamos, NM I am become death, the shatterer of worlds! Major GeneralLesley R. Groves Dr. Robert Oppenheimer
The Manhattan Project • June 1942, atomic-bomb project • War Department's Army Corps of Engineers. • American and European physicists discovered that the fission of uranium could a powerful weapon. • Employed nearly 129,000 people
The Manhattan Project Cont. • To disguise this ultra-secret project, the Corps created a Manhattan Engineer District, with a headquarters initially based in New York City. • Most work done at Los Alamos, New Mexico • “Gadget” (Trinity) on July 16, 1945
Tinian Island, 1945 Little Boy Fat Man Enola Gay Crew
Hiroshima – August 6, 1945 • 70,000 killed immediately. • 48,000 buildings. destroyed. • 100,000s died of radiation poisoning & cancer later.
Nagasaki – August 9, 1945 • 40,000 killed immediately. • 60,000 injured. • 100,000s died ofradiation poisoning& cancer later.
The Bombing:Nagasaki Before After