Download
pacific theater wwii n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Pacific Theater WWII PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Pacific Theater WWII

Pacific Theater WWII

146 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Pacific Theater WWII

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Pacific Theater WWII

  2. The Pacific Ocean Japan Canada China USA SE Asia Australia

  3. Prewar

  4. 1932

  5. 1940

  6. Dec 8/7 1941 1941

  7. Fleet Admiral Yamamoto “The US fleet is a dagger pointed at our throat and must be destroyed.” “I can run wild for six months after that, I have no expectation of success.” - Yamamoto, during discussions on the planned Pearl Harbour Attack Fleet Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto

  8. Pearl Harbor • Dec 7, 1941 • “a date which will live in infamy” • Americans taken completely by surprise • The first attack wave targeted airfields and battleships • The second wave targeted other ships and shipyard facilities

  9. Attack on Pearl Harbour Dec 7, 1941. “A day that will live in infamy”

  10. Japanese Aircraft Mitsubishi A6M “Zero” Fighter Nakajima B5N torpedo bomber Aichi D3A dive bomber

  11. The Attack

  12. Aftermath "Being saturated and satiated with emotion and sensation, I went to bed and slept the sleep of the saved and thankful.” - Winston Churchill

  13. “I shall return”

  14. The Battle Of Midway • Japanese planned a fake attack on the Aleutian Islands while the main force attacks Midway. • Magic intercepts codes , US reinforced Midway • Americans destroyed four Japanese carriers and most of their pilots. • Japanese advance was checked and initiative in the Pacific began to turn to the Americans • .

  15. Plan of Attack

  16. The Battle of Midway Japanese forces: 4 carriers, 4 lost 7 battleships, 0 lost ~150 support ships, 1 cruiser lost 264 aircraft, 228 lost 3058 dead US forces: 3 carriers, 1 lost ~50 support ships, 1 destroyer lost 360 aircraft, 98 lost 307 dead

  17. The Battle of Midway • The first major carrier vs. carrier engagement • Decided by tactics, radar, pilot skill, weather, and luck or (God).

  18. Island-Hopping Warfare American and Australian troops land in Borneo

  19. 1943-1944

  20. 1944-1945

  21. Battle of Iwo Jima • February-March 1945 • Island off the coast of Japan—Japanese soil • More US Marines sent than in any other battle • 100,000 men fighting on an island the 1/3 the size of Manhattan • Japanese fought from below ground—Allies rarely saw a soldier • The battle was won inch-by-inch Volcanic island deeply entrenched

  22. Battle of Okinawa • Americans captured Okinawa • American casualties were 49,151, and 36,631 wounded • Approximately 110,000 Japanese were killed and 7,400 were prisoners • Okinawa showed how costly an invasion of the Japanese home islands would be • Kamikazes—suicide pilots crashed planes loaded with explosives; Sank 30 US vessels Raising the flag on Mt. Suribachi, Iwo Jima

  23. Plan to Invade Japan • US planned to invade Japan with eleven Army and Marine divisions (650,000 troops) • Casualty estimates were as high as 1,400,000 • Truman decided to use the atomic bomb to avoid such losses Operation Cornet, the plan to take Tokyo

  24. The Atomic Bomb • In the early 1940s, America had started an atomic weapons development program code named the “Manhattan Project” • A successful test was conducted at Alamogordo in New Mexico in July 1945 J. Robert Oppenheimer and General Leslie Groves at the Trinity Site soon after the test

  25. Hiroshima and Nagasaki • Hiroshima Aug 6, 1945 • 90,000 killed • On Aug 8, the USSR declared war on Japan and invaded Manchuria the next day • Nagasaki Aug 9, 1945 • 35,000 killed • Okinawa had been much more costly than Hiroshima and Nagasaki Captain Paul Tibbets piloted the plane that dropped the bomb on Hiroshima

  26. Surrender Japan surrenders Sept 2, 1945 aboard the USS Missouri

  27. The Cost • 2,000,000 Japanese Soldiers dead • 300,000 Allied Soldiers dead • 600,000 - 1,000,000 Japanese civilians dead • 11,000 American civilians dead • 60,000 Korean civilians dead • Mass devastation of Japanese infrastructure • Indigenous people of north and western Pacific islands devastated by disease, cultural contamination, collateral damage, and atrocities. • The list continues…