Pearl Harbor Attack December 7, 1941 Japan and the Pacific Theater
What led up to this point? • Japan has occupied Manchuria, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines, and is taking control of the Pacific • Franklin D’Eleanor Roosevelt dies • Vice-President Truman becomes President • Germany is defeated in Berlin by Russian and then British/American troops
Pearl Harbor • The 7 December 1941 Japanese raid on Pearl Harbor was one of the important moments in history. A single carefully-planned attack removed the United States Navy's battleship force as a possible threat to the Japanese Empire's southward expansion. America, was weakened and brought into the Second World War as a full combatant.
The Japanese Empire • Eighteen months earlier, President Franklin D. Roosevelt had moved the United States Fleet to Pearl Harbor as a deterrent to Japanese aggression. The Japanese military, fighting in the almost endless war it had started against China in mid-1937, for badly needed oil and other resources. In July 1941 the Western powers halted trade with Japan. From then on, as the desperate Japanese planned to take the oil rich East Indies and Southeast Asia, a Pacific war was unstoppable.
Map of Attacks on Pearl Harbor • http://plasma.nationalgeographic.com/pearlharbor/
Indonesia • The Japanese occupied the archipelago in order, like their Portuguese and Dutch predecessors, to take its rich natural resources. Japan's invasion of North China, which had begun in July 1937, by the end of the decade had become stuck from the strong Chinese resistance. To feed Japan's army, petroleum, iron, and other resources had to be imported from foreign places. Most oil--about 55 percent--came from the United States, but Indonesia supplied 25 percent. Remnants of a WWII Japanese pillbox on road to BentengIndraPatra.
Pearl Harbor vs 9/11 • Only two foreign attacks on America • Public opinion and American sentiment • War on terror vs WWII • Fog of War Clip • 20 min- 43 min • 46 min - ?
The Lead up to Nuclear War Homework A mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 60,000 feet (18 km) into the air on the morning of August 9, 1945
What happened? • http://www.theenolagay.com/ • Collectables??