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Alaska

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  1. Alaska • Largest state … • Population

  2. Alaska • Settled by Russians • Fur trade

  3. Alaska • US bought Alaska from Russia, 1867 • “Seward’s Folly”

  4. Alaska’s Regions • Southeast (“Panhandle”) • “Inside Passage”

  5. Southeast (Panhandle) • Juneau

  6. 2. South Central Alaska • Anchorage

  7. 2. South Central Alaska • Valdez • South end … • 1989

  8. 3. Alaska Range • Mt. McKinley • Highest mtn… • Denali Nat’l Park

  9. 4. Interior Lowlands • Yukon River • Navigable … • Fairbanks • Midnight sun … • Aurora Borealis …

  10. 5. Arctic Coastal Plain • “North Slope” • Oil at Prudhoe Bay***

  11. 5. Arctic Coastal Plain • Arctic Nat’l Wildlife Refuge • Oil reserves … • Caribou

  12. 6. Aleutian Islands • Earthquakes … • Pacific … • Invaded …

  13. Alaska

  14. Canada Provinces Territories

  15. Canada’s Population ____ million Compared to US pop… Compared to Calif. pop… Pop. Distribution 90% of Canadians….

  16. Canada’s Largest Cities

  17. Canada’s Climate Regions • Marine West Coast • Steppe (fairly dry) • Humid Continental • Subarctic • Tundra 5 4 1 2 3

  18. Atlantic Region 4 Provinces “The Maritimes” New Brunswick Nova Scotia Prince Edward Island Newfoundland & Labrador

  19. Atlantic Region Population Isolated … Appalachian Mountains… St. Lawrence River…

  20. Climate of the Atlantic Region • Winter… • Summer… • Forests… • Tundra • No trees…

  21. Atlantic RegionHistorical Settlement Vikings  Canada L’Anse aux Meadows

  22. John Cabot Italian navigator 1497… “Sea swarmed with fish” Attracted fishing boats Close to … Fishing focused on … Salted… Cod Liver Oil…

  23. French Settlement - Atlantic Region French were 1st … Port Royal, Nova Scotia “Acadia” Centered around…

  24. Acadia British gained control Deportation of Acadians “Ethnic Cleansing” To where? Some resettled in Louisiana Some returned …

  25. New Brunswick Officially bilingual

  26. New Brunswick Saint John Largest city in NB Founded 1780s by Loyalists… Had fled USA after…

  27. Bay of Fundy Highest tides…

  28. Bay of Fundy Power Station

  29. Nova Scotia “New Scotland” Halifax Largest city… Harbor Fishing port Severe decline in fishing…

  30. Cod Fishing Fished ~ 500 yrs Increased 1960s Larger … Bottom-Trawling Fishing collapsed … Recovery?

  31. Nova Scotia Cape Breton Island

  32. Prince Edward Island Smallest Province… Agriculture Tourism Anne of Green Gables books

  33. Prince Edward Island 1997 …

  34. Newfoundland & Labrador Independent before 1949 Grand Banks 1990s Oil St. John’s

  35. Newfoundland & Labrador Icebergs

  36. Newfoundland & Labrador Coastline Gros Marne

  37. Labrador Landscape Torngat Mtns. Nat’l Park Rich in resources

  38. Labrador Inuit (Eskimo) natives Hunting

  39. St. Pierre & Miquelon Owned by … Valuable for … Population…