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The structure of International Conflict – C.R. Mitchell PowerPoint Presentation
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The structure of International Conflict – C.R. Mitchell

The structure of International Conflict – C.R. Mitchell

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The structure of International Conflict – C.R. Mitchell

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  1. The structure of International Conflict – C.R. Mitchell Hayley Walczer, Cameron Schupp, Christina Perron, Priyakeathley

  2. Structure: Advantages/Strengths • Triadic Conflict Structure Conflict Situations Conflict Attitudes Conflict Behavior

  3. Structure: Weaknesses • Is Violence always a part of conflict? • Do both parties need to perceive the conflict for a conflict to exist? • Are conflicts with one party's recognition of the conflict “Unreal Conflicts”? • Material vs. Positional Goods

  4. Structure: Applications • Identify goals of the parties involved. • Consider psychological conditions of each party • Consider the actions and behaviors each party the parties are capable of performing.

  5. Structure: Linking TheoriesMitchell's “Triadic Conflict Structure” vsGaltung's Conflict Triangle Model Mitchell’s Galtung’s

  6. Processes: Advantages/strengths • Hypothetical Processes: Helps strengthen the process so that those involved do not feel constrained by a rigid framework • The Developmental Stages of Conflict Model • Simple models allow for big ideas • Conflict Widening: • Introducing parties to help – See new sides/perspectives • Allows for historical perspective – Less likely to make old mistakes. Stronger future approaches. • “Those who do not learn from history are doomed to repeat it” – George Santayan

  7. Processes: Weaknesses • Confusion between widening and escalating • The Standard Conflict Profile diagram does provides a simplistic model of conflict

  8. Process: Applications • Within parties • Between the parties • Between the parties and their environment

  9. Process: Linking Theories latent vs. manifest conflicts Mitchell’s Triadic Model Linking Theories Paulo Frier’s 2. John Burton’s 3. Ted Gurr’s “Conscientização” “Basic Human Needs” “Relative Deprivation” The Developmental stages of Conflict

  10. Perceptions: Advantages/ Strengths • Related to Group Identity • How we believe ourselves to be seen • How we relate to others • Why we identify with a certain “group” • Changing/Identifying perceptions = Moving towards resolution

  11. Perceptions During Conflicts: Weaknesses • Do more intra-party similarities always mean a more unified “us”? • The Black-Top Image Trap

  12. Perception: Applications • Understanding perceptions lead to understanding behavior. • Creating Self Image • Creating the “Other” image

  13. Perceptions: Linking Theories • Mitchell’s concept of “Adversary Images” • Constructivism: Us vs. Them=constructed identities • Galtung • Positioning Theory: Storylines used to position ourselves and the Other • Varseney: Value-rationality

  14. Conflict termination: Advantages/Strengths • POSSIBLE OPTIONS FOR CONFLICT TERMINATION • Confirming Victory • Ending Stalemate • Accepting Defeat

  15. Termination: Weaknesses • More than casualty costs factor into termination • Mitchell's outlines for terminating conflict suggest a central leader must be present

  16. Conflict Termination: Applications • Each party must weigh the marginal costs and benefits of victory or defeat. • Search for “better” post conflict situation that won’t lead to future conflict • Leaders of the winners and losers must “sell” the resolution to their followers.

  17. Termination: Linking Theories Marginal Benefits Model

  18. Questions?