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Warm-Up – 11/15 – 10 minutes PowerPoint Presentation
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Warm-Up – 11/15 – 10 minutes

Warm-Up – 11/15 – 10 minutes

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Warm-Up – 11/15 – 10 minutes

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  1. Warm-Up – 11/15 – 10 minutes Utilizing your notes and past knowledge answer the following questions: • What airline was formed to fly the first airmail between Key West, FL and Havana, Cuba? • What was the nickname of the aircraft that made the first crossings of the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans? • What was the aircraft type and its nickname that made the successful crossing of the Atlantic Ocean? • The ______allowed the Germans to build dirigibles after WWI. • Who was the manufacturer of the Army’s first long-range bomber and what was its designation?

  2. Questions / Comments

  3. Warm-Up – 11/15 – 10 minutes Utilizing your notes and past knowledge answer the following questions: • What airline was formed to fly the first airmail between Key West, FL and Havana, Cuba?

  4. Seaplanes Carry the Mail • In 1927, Pan American Airways was formed to fly the first airmail route between Key West, FL and Havana, Cuba.

  5. Warm-Up – 11/15 – 10 minutes Utilizing your notes and past knowledge answer the following questions: • What was the nickname of the aircraft that made the first crossings of the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans?

  6. Seaplanes Carry the Mail • Sikorsky S-42 • Range of 3,200 miles • The seaplane became known as the Pan American Clipper • Made the first airline crossing of both the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans

  7. Warm-Up – 11/15 – 10 minutes Utilizing your notes and past knowledge answer the following questions: • What was the aircraft type and its nickname that made the successful crossing of the Atlantic Ocean?

  8. Seaplanes Carry the Mail • Pan American also had six Boeing 314s, which were called Yankee Clippers. • In the 6 ½ years they were flown: • They made 596 Atlantic crossings • Carried 42,042 passengers • Traveled 4,238,867 miles WITHOUT a fatal accident

  9. Warm-Up – 11/15 – 10 minutes Utilizing your notes and past knowledge answer the following questions: • The ______allowed the Germans to build dirigibles after WWI.

  10. What About Dirigibles? • The Treaty of Versailles, at the end of WWI, allowed the Germans to build Zeppelins again and they built three: • LZ-127 Graf Zeppelin • LZ-129 Hindenburg • LZ-130 Graf Zeppelin II

  11. Warm-Up – 11/15 – 10 minutes Utilizing your notes and past knowledge answer the following questions: • Who was the manufacturer of the Army’s first long-range bomber and what was its designation?

  12. Military Air Power Developments During the Interwar Years • Boeing developed the four engine Boeing 299. • Army designated it the X1B-17. • Known as the B-17 • Flying Fortress

  13. Questions / Comments

  14. THIS DAY IN AVIATION • November 15 • 1928 — Robertson Aircraft Corporation starts daily passenger service between St. Louis and Kansas City, 235 miles.

  15. THIS DAY IN AVIATION • November 15 • 1947 — The world's first ram-jet helicopter is test flown by McDonald Aviation.

  16. THIS DAY IN AVIATION • November 15 • 1949 — Ryan Aeronautical Company releases details of the first air-to-air missile, the Ryan XAAM-A-1 "Firebird," a ten-foot, target-seeking, rocket-powered air-to-air missile.

  17. THIS DAY IN AVIATION • November 15 • 1965 — The first flight around the world over flying both Poles is made by U.S. airline Flying Tiger Line Captain J.L. Martin.

  18. Questions / Comments

  19. November 2013

  20. Questions / Comments

  21. Chapter 3 - The Golden Age 1919 - 1939 Possibility of War / Tuskegee Airmen

  22. Today’s Mission Requirements • Mission: • Describe in writing the affect that the Presidential message to Congress on January 12, 1939 had on Army Aviation. • Identify in writing what was the purpose of the Civilian Pilot Training Program (CPTP). • Describe in writing the Tuskegee Airmen and their accomplishments. • EQ: What were some of the technological advancements that influenced aviation during this timeframe (1919-1939)?

  23. Video of the Day General Henry “Hap” Arnold

  24. The Possibility of War • In January 1939, the President of the United States called for a buildup of our existing military forces. • Calling the forces “utterly inadequate.”

  25. The Possibility of War • Congress passed bill to increase size of Army Air Corps. • Military was pressed for time to train pilots to be ready for possible entry into the war in Europe.

  26. The Possibility of War • Army turned to civilian flying schools to train pilots and maintenance personnel. • General “Hap” Arnold came up with the idea of civilian-operated, Army-supervised flight schools.

  27. The Possibility of War • Another source for pilots was the Civilian Pilot Training Program (CPTP). • The government paying for a 72-hour ground school course followed by 35 to 50 hours of flight instruction • The program created a reserve of pilots that could be used in a serious national emergency.

  28. The Possibility of War • The CPTP changed its name to the CAA – War Training Service (WTS) in 1942. • The WTS trained over 300,000 pilots by 1944.

  29. The Possibility of War • The CPTP were setup in educational institutions – many of which were segregated schools. • One of these schools gave us the Tuskegee Airmen.

  30. The Tuskegee Airmen

  31. The Tuskegee Airmen • The 99th Pursuit Squadron (an all black unit) formed March 22, 1941 at Tuskegee Sub Depot, Tuskegee, Alabama. • This was the first CPTP for African-Americans and the most well-known.

  32. The Tuskegee Airmen • Famous Tuskegee airman was Benjamin O. Davis Jr • Commanded: • 99th Pursuit Squadron • 332nd Fighter Group (“Red Tails”) • Distinguished Flying Medal • Silver Star • 1st African-American promoted to Brigadier General – retired from the Air Force as a LtGen

  33. The Tuskegee Airmen • The 332nd Fighter Group flew more than 15,000 combat sorties and destroyed 260 enemy aircraft.

  34. 332nd Fighter Group 301st Fighter Squadron 302nd Fighter Squadron Tuskegee Logos 100th Fighter Squadron 99th Fighter Squadron

  35. Questions / Comments

  36. Chapter 3 - The Golden Age 1919 - 1939 Possibility of War / Tuskegee Airmen Review

  37. Possibility of War / Tuskegee Airmen • What action led to the expansion of the Army Air Corps? • President Roosevelt and Congress passing a bill which allowed the expansion. • What did the Army do to train pilots and maintenance personnel? • Contracted with civilian schools

  38. Possibility of War / Tuskegee Airmen • Who came up with the idea for civilian-operated Army supervised pilot training schools ? • General Henry “Hap” Arnold • What was another source for training pilots? • Civilian Pilot Training Program (CPTP)

  39. Possibility of War / Tuskegee Airmen • The CPTP changed its name to the CAA War Training Service (WTS) – by 1944 how many pilots were trained under this program? • 300,000 could only be utilized under a serious national emergency • Where was the first CPTP for African-Americans established? • Tuskegee Sub Depot, Tuskegee, Alabama

  40. Possibility of War / Tuskegee Airmen • What famous Tuskegee Airmen went on to become the first African-American promoted to Brigadier General? • LtGen Benjamin O. Davis Jr. • Who were the Tuskegee Airmen and describe their accomplishments. • They were an all black unit of Airmen of the famous 99th Pursuit Squadron that formed at Tuskegee Sub Depot, Tuskegee, Alabama. • The 332nd Fighter Group flew more than 15,000 combat sorties and destroyed 260 enemy aircraft.

  41. Questions / Comments

  42. Today’s Mission Requirements • Mission: • Describe in writing the affect that the Presidential message to Congress on January 12, 1939 had on Army Aviation. • Within 3 months of the address – officer strength was increased and the demand on pilot training increased significantly. This also included an increase the number of bombardiers, navigators, and ground technicians.

  43. Today’s Mission Requirements • Mission: • Describe in writing the affect that the Presidential message to Congress on January 12, 1939 had on Army Aviation. • Identify in writing what was the purpose of the Civilian Pilot Training Program (CPTP). • Created a great reserve supply of pilots that could be used in a serious national emergency.

  44. Today’s Mission Requirements • Mission: • Describe in writing the affect that the Presidential message to Congress on January 12, 1939 had on Army Aviation. • Identify in writing what was the purpose of the Civilian Pilot Training Program (CPTP). • Describe in writing the Tuskegee Airmen and their accomplishments. • They were an all black unit of Airmen of the famous 99th Pursuit Squadron that formed at Tuskegee Sub Depot, Tuskegee, Alabama. • The 332nd Fighter Group flew more than 15,000 combat sorties and destroyed 260 enemy aircraft. • EQ: What were some of the technological advancements that influenced aviation during this timeframe (1919-1939)?

  45. Questions / Comments

  46. 1. Create (1) quiz question with answer about today’s lesson. 3. List 3 things you learned today. 2. List 2 things you have questions about today’s lesson. Lesson Closure - 3 – 2 - 1

  47. Questions / Comments