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The Knowledge Management Maturity Model: A Staged Framework for Leveraging Knowledge V P Kochikar Principal Knowledge Ma PowerPoint Presentation
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The Knowledge Management Maturity Model: A Staged Framework for Leveraging Knowledge V P Kochikar Principal Knowledge Ma

The Knowledge Management Maturity Model: A Staged Framework for Leveraging Knowledge V P Kochikar Principal Knowledge Ma

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The Knowledge Management Maturity Model: A Staged Framework for Leveraging Knowledge V P Kochikar Principal Knowledge Ma

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  1. The Knowledge Management Maturity Model: A Staged Framework for Leveraging KnowledgeV P KochikarPrincipal Knowledge Manager Infosys Technologies LimitedElectronics CityBangalore 561229, IndiaKochikvp@inf.com KMWorld 2000, Santa Clara, CA September 2000

  2. Agenda • To define a conceptual, staged framework that serves as • an assessment tool for an organization’s current level of KM maturity; • a mechanism to focus, and help prioritize, efforts to raise the level of KM maturity. Knowledge@Infosys

  3. KM: The Infosys Perspective • All organizational learning is leveraged in delivering business advantage to the customer • Every Infoscion must have the full backing of the organization’s learning behind him/her • customer fronting • planning and decision-making • internal customer service “Learn Once, Use Anywhere!” Knowledge@Infosys

  4. The Vision To be an organization.. where every action is fully enabled by the power of knowledge; which truly believes in leveraging knowledge for innovation; where every employee is empowered by the knowledge of every other employee; which is a globally respected knowledge leader. Knowledge@Infosys

  5. The KMM - Knowledge Management Maturity Model • Evolution • The 3 prongs • People • Process • Technology • The KRAs of the KMM Model Knowledge@Infosys

  6. Key background points • Each level has a set of prerequisites the organization is required to meet. • A given maturity level implies a certain level of organizational capability • from level 4 onwards, quantitatively • Each maturity level is characterized in terms of the efficacy of each stage of the knowledge life cycle: • Knowledge Acquisition • Knowledge Dissemination • Knowledge Reuse Knowledge@Infosys

  7. Level–Organizational Capability Mapping -1 Knowledge@Infosys

  8. Level–Organizational Capability Mapping -2 Knowledge@Infosys

  9. Level 1: Default • Conviction in anything other than survival-level tasks low. • Belief in formal training being the sole mechanism for learning ; all learning is reactive • Organization’s knowledge is fragmented in isolated pockets, and stays in people’s heads. “Knowledge, we’ve got plenty of – what we need is to work hard!” Knowledge@Infosys

  10. Level 2: Reactive • The organization shares knowledge purely on need basis • Routine and procedural knowledge shared. “We need to leverage all our knowledge, but we’re too busy to do that” Knowledge@Infosys

  11. Key Result Areas - Level 2 • Knowledge Awareness (People) • Awareness of knowledge as a resource that must be managed explicitly (“somebody-else-should-do-it” syndrome!) • Senior management recognizes need for formal knowledge management. • Knowledge ‘database administrator’ role Knowledge@Infosys

  12. Key Result Areas - Level 2 • Content Capture (Process) • Knowledge indispensable for routine tasks is documented. • Database of knowledge exists (usually disparate formats) • Content compilation done reasonably well but creation still ad-hoc • Content management responsibility dispersed through organization. Knowledge@Infosys

  13. Key Result Areas - Level 2 • Basic Information Management (Technology) • Rudimentary knowledge-recording systems in existence • diverse data formats, fragmented data, low data integrity, high data obsolescence • Systems support routine and procedural sharing. • Online and technology-based learning mechanisms put in place - largely reactively. Knowledge@Infosys

  14. Level 3: Aware • Content fit for use for all functions; knowledge meets need • Beginnings of integrated approach to managing knowledge life-cycle. • Enterprise-wide knowledge-propagation systems in existence – awareness and maintenance are moderate. • Internal expertise is leveraged in technologically complex and unfamiliar areas, or where it is imperative. • The organization collects and understands metrics for KM; KM activities begin to be translated into productivity gains • Managers recognize role in, and encourage, knowledge-sharing. • The organization is able to see a link between KM processes and results. “At least we’ve made a beginning in managing our knowledge” Knowledge@Infosys

  15. Key Result Areas - Level 3 • Central Knowledge Organization (People) • Dedicated KM group for infrastructure management and content management. • Processes and roles well-defined not below CMM level 4. • Knowledge Education (People) • Training in KM processes for KM group; • Formal training program for contributors, users, facilitators, champions, etc. with feedback. Knowledge@Infosys

  16. Key Result Areas - Level 3 • Content Structure Management (Process) • Ability to structure, categorize, access content • Integrated logical content architecture exists. • Knowledge content is augmented with pointers to people. • Knowledge is structured • a taxonomy of knowledge topics • Content management process defined. • creation, editing, streamlining, publishing, certification and maintenance • Process is owned by a central knowledge organization. Knowledge@Infosys

  17. Key Result Areas - Level 3 • Knowledge Technology Infrastructure (Technology) • Single-point access to knowledge available across the organization (the knowledge is not integrated –only access is available) Knowledge@Infosys

  18. Level 4: Convinced • Enterprise-wide knowledge-sharing systems in place – quality, currency, utility, usage high • Knowledge processes scaled up across the organization. • Organizational boundaries breakdown as knowledge barriers • Quantification of benefits of knowledge sharing and reuse at org unit level – business impact clearly recognized • Feedback loops are qualitatively better and tighter. • Ability to sense and respond proactively to environmental changes “We’ve reached where we are by managing our knowledge well, and we intend to keep it that way” Knowledge@Infosys

  19. Key Result Areas - Level 4 • Customized Enabling (People) • Training (all modes) available at time and point of need • Knowledge Infrastructure Management (Technology) • Technology infrastructure for knowledge-sharing is seamless; the knowledge content is integrated into a whole. Knowledge@Infosys

  20. Key Result Areas - Level 4 • Content Enlivenment (Process) • Content enlivened with expertise; • Experts across organization committed to respond • High sync between knowledge in, knowledge out • Knowledge Configuration Management (Process) • Organization-wide process for integrating and managing the knowledge content configuration. • Knowledge life-cycle processes are mapped er access in pull mode Knowledge@Infosys

  21. Key Result Areas - Level 4 • Quantitative Knowledge Management(Process) • Knowledge creation, sharing reuse levels are measured quantitatively • variance across the organization low. • Benefits of knowledge sharing and reuse at the individual project / function level quantified. • Capability baselines are created and used. • Content management process uses quantitative data. Knowledge@Infosys

  22. Level 5: Sharing • Culture of sharing institutionalized; sharing becomes second nature to all. • Organizational boundaries irrelevant • Knowledge ROI integral to decision-making • Continuous tweaking of the kdge processes • Ability to shape environmental change; organization becomes a knowledge leader “We’re sharing knowledge across the organization, and are proud of it” Knowledge@Infosys

  23. Key Result Areas - Level 5 • Expertise Integration • Content and (human) expertise available as an integral package. • appropriate expertise is available to help understand content and tailor it to specific need. • Knowledge Leverage • Ability to measure contribution of knowledge to competence. • Availability of knowledge inputs needed to perform tasks is guaranteed in quantitative terms. • Knowledge processes continuously tweaked: performance measures used to improve content management and technology infrastructure. Knowledge@Infosys

  24. Key Result Areas - Level 5 • Innovation Management • Organization has the ability to assimilate, use and innovate based on ideas both external and internal. Processes exist for leveraging new ideas for business advantage. • Knowledge base considerations explicitly used in taking on a new customer / project Knowledge@Infosys

  25. Closing Thoughts • Assessing the maturity level of IT for KM • multiple perspectives – KA, KS, KR. • A mechanism to focus, and help prioritize, efforts to raise the level of maturity. Knowledge@Infosys

  26. Thank You! Knowledge@Infosys