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Gang Awareness and Issues

Gang Awareness and Issues

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Gang Awareness and Issues

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  1. Gang Awareness and Issues PWC Neighborhood Services Neighborhood Conference 24 October, 2014

  2. What We Will Cover Gang data Main PW Gangs Why they join Gang mentality Indicators Current trends Some things you can do

  3. Definition of a gang • 3 or more • Have a common identity: identifiable sign, symbol, name • Ongoing • Some connection to crime

  4. Some Data • 1.4 million active street, prison and OMG members (National Gang Intel. Center- 2011 Nat. Gang Threat Assessment) • 33,000 gangs • 1,100 in PWC PD gang data base – 1,500 • 790 MS in NOVA

  5. Main PW Gangs- 2013 Southside Locos (SSL) Sur 13 MS 13 (Mara Salvatrucha) 18th Street Bloods – 55 MOB, Killa Hill, Dub-T Hunnies, 202 MOB Crips Locos Malditos Black Heart Mafia Brown Pride Mafia La Clica Original ( LCO-PPL) Gangster Disciples Folk Dub T

  6. Active PWC Gangs, Cliques & Sets • 420 Crazy Crew • Team Live • 41 Zone • New East Coast • Hot Boi Nation • Alpha • C4

  7. Current Trends • Increasing engagement in non-traditional gang related crime • Human trafficking • Prostitution • White collar crime • Counterfeiting • Identity theft • Mortgage fraud

  8. Current trends • Less emphasis on openly representing the gang in public • More emphasis on making money • More emphasis on putting in work • Rival gangs cooperating to make money • MDTO connections/ increased violence“Current gang scene here is about money, drugs, and how not to be seen” CGIA meeting, 3/13/2013

  9. Why Kids Join Gangs • To belong to a group and have fun and excitement • Identity and sense of belonging • Structure, Discipline, Reputation • Source of respect, acceptance • Peer pressure “My friends are in a gang” • Financial gain • Protection • Born into Gang Membership Provides Positive reinforcement, and a sense of belonging, direction and degree of self-confidence

  10. The Push Toward GangsSelf- Recruitment • Popular Culture – The “Cool Factor” • Early 90’s, gang culture replaced youth culture • A product of the American streets

  11. The Push Toward Gangs Mother to 10 year old, “Do you know what gangs do? 10 year old, “They shoot and beat people up.” Mother, “So why do kids join gangs?” 10year old, “Because its cool!”

  12. “Running from something, running toward something”

  13. Gang Mentality • Three R’s • Reputation • Respect • Revenge “Sense of Fatalism”

  14. Risk Factors/Predictors • Low self-esteem • Prior delinquency • Association with delinquent peers • Family/community instability • Lack of parental supervision/role models • Economic disadvantage • General lack of connectedness to school and community

  15. Who They Recruit Marginalized youth Needy, vulnerable kids Low self-esteem Followers Those who demonstrate they possess requisite skills