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GANG AWARENESS

GANG AWARENESS

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GANG AWARENESS

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  1. GANG AWARENESS Prevention through Education

  2. Outline • What is a gang ? • Gang identifiers • Who joins gangs? • Why do youth join gangs ? • Signs of Involvement • On the Home Front • Community Response to gangs

  3. What is a gang? • “ A group of persons gathering together on a formal or informal basis for an unlawful purpose.”

  4. What is a “Gang”? • Definition: Webster’s Dictionary • A group of persons working to unlawful or antisocial ends; for example, a band of antisocial adolescents or, • A group of persons having informal and close relations. Criminal Intelligence Service Canada • A group of people consorting together to engage in unlawful activity.

  5. 2002 Canadian Police Survey on Youth GangsSummary of Findings Provinces with highest percentage of jurisdictions reporting active youth gang activity are: • Saskatchewan 35% • Manitoba 30% • B.C. 27% • Ontario (26%).

  6. 2002 estimated 434 youth gangs in Canada comprising of 7,071 members Most in Ontario with 216 gangs and 3,320 members Followed by Saskatchewan with 28 youth gangs and 1,315 members Average age of a youth gang member is 16 to 18 years of age.

  7. 2002 Gang Numbers • Saskatoon – 580 members • Regina – 270 members

  8. 2007 Gang Numbers • Saskatoon – 800 members • Regina – 500 members

  9. ORIGIN OF SASKATCHEWAN STREET GANGS • Early 1990's Regina - Manitoba Warriors • 1994 Native Syndicate formed to compete for drug & sex trade in Regina • Manitoba Indian Posse began to appear at same time

  10. SASKATCHEWAN’S STREET GANGS • Brown Pride • Native Blood Line • Blood 4 Life • North Central Crips • North Central Roughriders • Hells Angels • Red Alert • Crazy Dragons • Terror Squad • Scorpion Brotherz • Natives looking to Get Paid aka NLTP • Saskatchewan Warriors • Indian Posse • Native Syndicate • Native Syndicate Killers • Crazy Cree • Mixed Blood • Crips (defunct) • Tribal Warriors • RPG Mafia • Indian Mafia • Tribal Brothers • Native Army • Westside Brotherhood

  11. Who Joins Gangs ? • Gangs spread across all races and ethnic origins • Not restricted to any one socio-economic group • Often those dealing with drug and/or alcohol addictions

  12. Why Do Youth Join Gangs ? • Surrogate family • Identity or recognition • Family history • Protection • Intimidation • Lack of alternatives • Money

  13. GANG INITIATIONS • Strikes • Paperwork • Jumped / Beaten in (do a minute) • Sexed in • Blessed in

  14. Gang Identifiers Graffiti: • claim turf • pride • intimidate • rivalries

  15. FOUND GRAFFITI... What do you do??? • Report - to police • Record -photograph and document • Remove

  16. Gang Identifiers Clothing: • corresponds to their gang colors • bandanas, altered ball caps and shirts

  17. Gang Identifiers Tattoos: • loyalty • gang name, nickname or symbol

  18. Gang Identifiers Hand Signs: • Membership • Confrontation

  19. Gang related Art

  20. Gang Activities • Graffiti • Weapons • Drugs • Sex Trade Industry • Assaults • Break And Enters • Robberies • Recruitment • Initiations – Beatings/Rapes

  21. Signs of Gangs • Increase in graffiti • Increase in crime • Increase in groups of unknown subjects • Increase in suspected narcotics activity

  22. GIRLS in GANGS

  23. Females and Gangs • Do we have female gangs? • How many females do you think are involved in Gang activities?

  24. Females and Gangs • We have approximately 11,000 street gang members under the age of 28 in Canada. (male) • We have 8 – 10,000 females that have a relationship with known gang members. • Approximately 8 – 11 % of females are actually involved/blooded into the gang.

  25. GIRLS in GANGS • To join, must either do a “minute” or be “sex’d in” by several gang members in succession • Often used as “mules” to carry drugs and weapons • Likely to be “pimped” out • Baby Blue Crew & HIT (Hoes In Training)

  26. Signs of Possible Involvement

  27. Changes in Physical Appearance • Lack of personal cleanliness, messy in appearance • Wearing gang-style clothing • Unusual haircuts • Tattoos • Unusual eyebrow markings • Unusual pen marks, bruises or burns on arms, hands, and body

  28. Changes in Behaviour and Personality • Abrupt changes in mood • Hostility, defiance of rules • Extravagant spending • Bad attitudes towards family & school • Having unusually large amounts of money • Blaming, lying, making excuses • Desire for excessive privacy

  29. Changes in School • Lower grades, neglect homework • Frequently being late • Skipping school/classes • Falling asleep in class • Discipline problems • Suspended or expelled from school • Quitting school

  30. Physical Evidence of Gang Involvement • Tattoos • Involved in bullying or assaults • Frequent negative confrontations with the law • Increase/Use in substance abuse • Using hand signs, using new nickname • Drawing graffiti symbols on books, folders and bedroom walls

  31. Changes in Friends and Interests • Sudden change in friends • Friends rarely introduced and seldom come to the house • More time spent in room or away from home • Secrecy about actions and possessions

  32. What can you do…

  33. On the Home Front Countering the Lure of Gangs • Know your child’s friends. • Occupy your child’s free time with school, sports or other community activities • Plan family outings and activities. • Give your child responsibilities or chores at home. • Don’t allow your child to wear gang colors or paraphernalia. • Don’t allow him or her to be out late at night.

  34. On the Home Front Countering the Lure of Gangs • Know where your child is going when he or she is out late at night. Know whom your child is with. • Participate in your child’s education. Know what’s happening at school. • Develop anti-gang attitudes in your home. Let your child know that you will not tolerate gang involvement.

  35. On the Home Front Countering the Lure of Gangs: • Spend time with your child. If you spend time with him or her, he or she will not have to go to a gang to fill that need. • Be a positive role model.

  36. Community Response • Acknowledge gang activity in community. • Form a community anti-gang group. • Identify your community’s areas of desired change. • Set your major goals. • Develop an action plan based on the community’s needs, desires and available resources. • Evaluate and assess your progress.

  37. Community Involvement • Young People • Parents • Community Organizations • Business Community • Social Agencies • Religious institutions • Schools • Law enforcement

  38. Do you know someone involved in gangs or criminal activity including drugs? You can help solve or prevent crime by calling one of the following numbers: • Sasktel Cellular *TIPS or *8477 • Online at www.saskcrimestoppers.com • You do not have to give your name or reveal your identity • You will not be required to testify in court • You could earn a cash award up to $2,000

  39. "Let us put our minds together and see what life we can make for our children." Chief Sitting Bull

  40. Thank You Questions?

  41. Gang Related Web Sites • www.gangsorus.com (Robert Walker gang expert) • www.nagia.org (National Alliance of Gang Investigators Assoc.) • www.ongia.org (Ontario Gang Investigators Assoc.) • www.streetgangs.com

  42. If your thinking about joining a street gang, make sure you put the thought into joining “Canada’s Largest Street Gang”….

  43. 16,000 + Regular Members 5,600 Civilian Members and Public Servants