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World Class Education kean

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World Class Education kean

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  1. World Class Educationwww.kean.edu

  2. Cold War to European Union History 3000 Elizabeth Hyde

  3. Map 22.1: The Impact of World War II on Europe (p. 954)

  4. Dealing with the Aftermath of World War II • Economic impact • Demographic Impact • Creation of United Nations • Coming to terms with the Holocaust • 1945 Nuremburg Trials • 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights • 1949 Genocide made a Crime

  5. Mapping The West: Europe at War’s End, 1945 (p. 948)

  6. Dealing with the Aftermath of World War II • Economic impact • Demographic Impact • Creation of United Nations • Coming to terms with the Holocaust • 1945 Nuremburg Trials • 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights • 1949 Genocide made a Crime

  7. Decolonization • Impossible to maintain after WWII • French decolonization • Indochina • North Africa • Great Britain • India • Creation of Pakistan

  8. Polarization in the Aftermath of the War • New alliances • NATO • Soviet Union • Stalinist repression • Creation of the Warsaw Pact

  9. Map 22.3: European NATO Members and the Warsaw Pact in the 1950s (p. 960)

  10. Arms Race • 1952 and 1953: Hydrogen bombs (US and USSR) • 1955: US B-52 bombers • 1950s: ICBMS • US in Turkey • USSR in Cuba • Cuban Missile Crisis

  11. Soviet Policy after Stalin • Khrushchev • De-Stalinization • Strengthening of Warsaw Pact

  12. Mapping The West: The Cold War World, c. 1960 (p. 988)

  13. USSR leadership • Brezhnev • Andropov • Chernenko • Mikhail Gorbachev • Perestroika • Glasnost • Afghanistan War

  14. Collapse of USSR: 1989 • 1989 Gorbachev visited Beijing, sparking protests in China • Declines to intervene in Soviet Bloc countries when they demand freedoms • Poland • Hungary • Germany • Czechoslovakia • Romania

  15. Collapse of USSR, continued • Economic distress • 1990 announces leap into free markets • Attempted right-wing coup averted by Boris Yeltsin • Gorbachev’s power broken • USSR legally dissolved 1 January 1992

  16. Growth of the European Union • History of pan-European idea • Search for economic partnerships • Jean Monnet and Paul-Henri Spaak • 1947 Benelux countries form customs union • 1951 European Coal and Steel Community • 1957 Treaty of Rome • 1959 Creation of EFTA

  17. European Union, continued • 1963 British membership to EEC blocked by France • 1973 Britain, Ireland, Denmark join EEC • 1981 Greece becomes member • 1986 Spain and Portugal join • 2004 former Soviet Bloc states join

  18. European Union • Executive Branch • European Parliament • European Court of Justice • European Council