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Early European Explorers

Early European Explorers

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Early European Explorers

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Early European Explorers Guided Notes

  2. Early English Explorers (Don’t worry…there’s only one!)

  3. Explorer #1: John Cabot • WHERE HE WAS FROM: Was really an Italian, but he sailed for England in 1497. • WHERE HE EXPLORED: Explored northern Canada • He was in search of the Northwest Passage. • OUTCOME: He was unsuccessful in his search, but he did claim Newfoundland (Canada) for England.

  4. Early French Explorers (Yet again, only one!)

  5. Explorer #2: Giovanni da Verrazano • WHERE HE WAS FROM Was Italian, but sailed for France (Do you see a trend here with these Italians?) So what’s so important about this guy??? WHERE HE EXPLORED/OUTCOME: He was the first European to visit and chart North Carolina’s coast!

  6. Early Spanish Explorers

  7. First, a few key terms… Conquistadors – • Spanish fortune hunters who explored to find gold and glory (2 of the 4 “G’s”) – These were ruthless, greedy, selfish, not-nice men.

  8. First, a few key terms… Tenochtitlán – • (teh-NOHCH-tee-TLAHN) – Aztec capital city. (Now Mexico City)

  9. First, a few key terms… Quetzalcoatl – • (keht ZAHL koh-AHT-l) – Aztec god of wisdom and civilization.

  10. Explorer #3: Hernando Cortés • WHERE HE WAS FROM: Spain • Sought only riches (gold of the 4 G’s) • WHERE HE EXPLORED: Mexico • OUTCOME: He defeated the Aztec chief (Montezuma), destroyed Tenochtitlán, and claimed Mexico for Spain. • This was interesting because according to ancient Aztec legend, the god Quetzalcoatl had been cast out centuries earlier. He threatened that he would one day return as a “bearded white man” in a “white winged ship.” Cortes (a bearded white man) arrived in the same year that Quetzalcoatl was supposed to return.

  11. Explorer #4: Francisco Pizarro • WHERE HE WAS FROM: Spain • WHERE HE EXPLORED: Explored present-day Peru • OUTCOME: Captured the Ancient Inca Empire and killed their emperor Atahualpa; claimed Peru for Spain

  12. The Spanish Empire after Cortes and Pizarro:

  13. Spanish Missions • Many Spanish Catholic priests came to the “New World” to convert the natives to Christianity. • They lived/worked in missions like this one. Missions were settlements where priests lived and worked to convert natives to Christianity (kind of like churches, but a little different). • Most missionaries helped the natives, but some used them as slaves…just like the conquistadors. • Missionaries are people who teach their faith to people of other faiths.

  14. Explorer #5: Juan Ponce de León • WHERE HE WAS FROM: Spain • WHERE HE EXPLORED: Searched Florida, unsuccessfully, for the Fountain of Youth • OUTCOME: Helped establish America’s oldest city: St. Augustine, Florida.

  15. Explorer #6: Vasquez de Ayllon • WHERE HE WAS FROM: Spain • WHERE HE EXPLORED : Attempted 1st European settlement of NC at Cape Fear River • OUTCOME: Settlement failed because the land was too swampy.

  16. Explorer #7: Hernando De Soto • WHERE HE WAS FROM: Spain • WHERE HE EXPLORED/OUTCOME: First explored and charted the Mississippi River and other southeastern states.

  17. And finally…Explorers #8 and #9: • WHERE THEY WERE FROM: Spain • Pedro de Coronas – WHERE: explored the Currituck Sound on the coast of NC • OUTCOME: He claimed NE North Carolina for Spain, but this claim did not last long. • Juan Pardo - WHERE HE EXPLORED /OUTCOME: first explored the Blue Ridge parkway and the mountains of NC.

  18. The End.