Internal Citations and Works Cited Page Writing the Rough Draft
Works Cited Page • The Works Cited page is a list of all sources you have used in your paper. • Direct Quotes • Summaries • Paraphrases
How to Create Your Works Cited Page • Gather all of the source sheets you have • Go to www.easybib.com • Choose a source type and enter all info from your source sheet that it asks for • If easybib asks for something you didn’t record, try to find it. Otherwise, leave that part blank • If there is something on your sheet easybib doesn’t ask for, then leave it out!
Creating your works cited page…. • Continue adding until you have added all of the sources you plan to use in the paper. • Do not use easybib for Ebscohost or Worldbook online—you already have those cited correctly!!! • When all sources have been entered, choose “export to Microsoft Word.”
Putting it all together…. • Easybib will open a new document and properly format it for you. • The Word document should have a hanging indent, 12 point font, Times New Roman, etc. • Your sources should be listed ALPHABETICALLY by the first word of the citation. • You will need to manually insert any additional sources (Ebsco, Worldbook Online) where they belong ALPHABETICALLY!!!!
How to give credit as you type your rough draft….. • We use INTERNAL CITATIONS to show when we have paraphrased, summarized or directly quoted a fact or idea from a source. • In general, an internal citation includes the author’s last name and page number that the information came from. (Golding 25) • This information is enclosed in parenthesis at the end of the sentence where the fact/idea is located.
What if there is no author? No page? • MANY of your sources may not have an author or page numbers. • The general rule is to use whatever is listed first on the Works Cited entry. • Complete the “Internal Citations List” found on the O drive (under “common” in “Ridgway” folder on the O drive) • This list will help you to see what the citation should look like every time you cite a source. IT MAY BE DIFFERENT FOR EACH SOURCE YOU HAVE!!!!!
Examples of what an Internal Citation may look like…. • Book with author and page numbers: The boy had a look about him that “proclaimed no evil” (Golding 21). • Entry in a printed encyclopedia: Whenever humans feel happy, there is a little bit of sadness, too (“Happiness” 245). • Online encyclopedia with no author: “There is no worse death than the death we die each day by not living” (“Death”).
What if you refer to the author in the text? • If you refer to the author before giving a direct quote, you do not have to list the author in the citation, just the page #-- According to William Golding, “Man is evil without civilization” (312). • When using a quote book or concordance, refer to the speaker in text, and then cite the quote book or website as your source: As William Shakespeare wrote in his famous play, Hamlet, “To be or not to be? That is the question” (Bartlett 299).
What other details do I need to pay attention to???? • PUNCTUATION!!!! • The citation goes at the END of the sentence that contains the information. • The citation should appear BEFORE the end punctuation of the sentence. • If the information INSIDE the citation is a title or subject heading, it needs to be properly punctuated as well. …“proclaimed no evil” (Golding 21). …a little bit of sadness, too (“Happiness” 245).
What other details do I need to pay attention to???? • Title page— MLA format does NOT require a title page. The first page of your FORMAL paper should have a heading in the upper LEFT that includes the following: Your name My name Advanced English 8 Date
What other details do I need to pay attention to? • Double Spaced • Times New Roman • 12 point font • Proper heading (see previous slide) • Title (centered below heading) • Page numbers with your last name in the upper right corner of every page EXCEPT the first page