Mandatos • In Spanish, commands are called “mandatos.” • A command is used to tell some what to do or what not to do. • Questions and suggestions are not commands. • You should not do that! • Will you wash the car? • You need to study more! • Examples of commands: • Wash the dishes! • Do your homework! • Eat your vegetables! • Don’t do that! • Take a bath!
Types of Commands • Commands include do’s and don’ts. • Do’s are called affirmative commands • Mandatos afirmativos • Don’ts are called negative commands • Mandatos negativos • Commands also differ depending on who you are talking to: • Informal (tú) Commands • Formal (Ud.) Commands • Plural (Uds.) Commands
Regular Affirmative Tú Commands • It’s easy to form affirmative tú commands, those that tell someone to do something. • To form an affirmative, informal command, simply take the Él/Ella/Ud. form of the verb in the present tense. • For example: • Eat the pizza! • ¡Come la pizza! • Wash the dishes! • ¡Lava los platos!
Translate the following sentences into Spanish using Affirmative Tú Commands: Dance! Win! Study for the test. Run! ¡Baila! ¡Gana! Estudia para el examen. ¡Corre! You try it!
More about Affirmative Tú Commands Remember! To form Regular Affirmative Tú Commands, just take the Él/Ella/Ud. form of the verb in the present tense. But, some verbs are irregular… Poner Salir Tener Venir Decir*** Ir Ser Hacer
Irregular Affirmative Tú Commands What did you notice about some of the irregular verbs? Hint: Think about their ‘yo’ form in the present tense. Right! Most of them are yo-go verbs! Some irregular affirmative tú commands can be formed by taking the ‘go’ off of the yo form of the present tense verb.
Irregular Affirmative Tú Commands Infinitive Yo form Command Poner Pongo Pon Tener Tengo Ten Decir Digo Di Salir Salgo Sal Venir Vengo Ven
More Irregular Affirmative Tú Commands The remaining 3 irregular verbs must be memorized: Hacer Haz Ser Sé Ir Ve
Remember! Princess Dihazséventenvery pretty ponies in her salon!
You try it! Let’s practice using irregular affirmative tú commands. Translate the following sentences into Spanish. Go! Do the homework! Put the pencil on the desk. Come to class on time. Tell the truth! ¡Ve! ¡Haz la tarea! Pon el lapiz en el pupitre. Ven a la clase a tiempo. ¡Di la verdad!