Download
public speaking n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Public Speaking PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Public Speaking

Public Speaking

80 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Public Speaking

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Public Speaking Chapter 2: Your First Speech

  2. Objectives • Upon completing this session, you will be able to: • Control speaker apprehension • Manage the impression(s) you make though competence, integrity, likeableness, and dynamism. • Put together your first speech • Design your speech, outlining and preparing your presentation • Introduce yourself to your classmates in a short 4 to 5 minute speech

  3. Communication Apprehension • Apprehension: It’s not just for amateurs • Why do we approach public speaking with anxiety and nervousness? • Infrequent event • Open ourselves to risk • What do we fear? • Visible trembling/shaking • Mind going blank (forgetting the lyrics) • Saying something embarrassing • Not making sense, sounding foolish, freezing

  4. Communication Apprehension • Apprehension: It’s not just for amateurs • Why do we approach public speaking with anxiety and nervousness? • Infrequent event • Open ourselves to risk • What do we fear? • Visible trembling/shaking • Mind going blank (forgetting the lyrics) • Saying something embarrassing • Not making sense, sounding foolish, freezing

  5. Controlling Apprehension • Legend: Classes remove apprehension • Fact: Deal with it. It sharpens you. • Techniques • Cognitive restructuring: Focus on ideas and message, not you. It’s not about you • Skills training • Right topics, right preparation, right presentation aids • Notes, graphs, charts, pictures, etc. • Act confident and you will be confident • Don’t ask audience to feel sorry for you. But audiences can help by creating a positive environment

  6. Controlling Apprehension • Ten ways to Control Communication Apprehension • (CHART HERE)

  7. Managing The Impression • As you grow in speaking ability you grow in leadership ability • Favorable Impressions: Based on perceptions of your • Competence • Integrity • Likeableness • Dynamism

  8. Managing The Impression: 1 • Competence • Selecting topics you know something about • Research (Borrowing Ethos) • Cite experts and authoritative sources • Cite recent information • Connect self with the expert(s) • Carefulness of preparation is evident

  9. Managing The Impression: 1 • Competence • Selecting topics you know something about • Research (Borrowing Ethos) • Cite experts and authoritative sources • Cite recent information • Connect self with the expert(s) • Carefulness of preparation is evident

  10. Managing The Impression: 2 • Integrity • Honest, ethical, dependable • Provide source strategy, info. • Present all side (Fairness) • Be open, responsive • Provide insights to self • Provide context of your ethic principles

  11. Managing The Impression: 3 • Likeableness • Honest, ethical, dependable • Radiates goodness and goodwill • Likeability doesn’t mean sweetness • Direct eye contact • Smile • Share feelings • Speak from core • People like people with whom they can identify

  12. Managing The Impression: 4 • Dynamism • Energy: • Dynamic • Enthusiastic • Decisive • Confident • Act Self-Assured • Audience response will reinforce it • Provide options. • Make recommendations.

  13. Putting Together The Speech • The process includes • Selecting and focusing your topic • Finding material to make your speech clear and interesting • Designing your speech so it fits together • Practicing • Plan carefully • Rehearse carefully • Time yourself

  14. Your First Speech: The Process • The process includes • Selecting and focusing your topic • Finding material to make your speech clear and interesting • Designing your speech so it fits together • Practicing • Plan carefully • Rehearse carefully • Time yourself

  15. Your First Speech: Topic • Selecting your topic • What are you interested in? • Can you get others interested? • What are they interested in? • Can you add to their knowledge? • Will I develop material or skills in their speech I can use later?

  16. Your First Speech: Materials • Facts, figures, and features • Find the facts and statistics • Get testimony • Give examples, examples, examples • Illuminate with stories/use metaphors • Pepper with platitudes (lightly)

  17. Your First Speech: Design • Designing is organizing • Synergy: All parts work to reach same end • Attention • Intro topic • Discuss topic • Conclude • Organize by: • Category • Sequence (Events, time, location)

  18. Your First Speech: Outline Introduction • Attention Getter • Thesis Statement Body • Key Point One • Sub Point 1 • Sub Point 2 • Key Point Two • Etc. Conclusion • Summary Statement • Concluding

  19. Your First Speech: Practice • Preparing For Presentation • Spotlight the ideas not yourself • Never overshadow substance with effects • Strive to speak naturally; • Extemporaneous: Not memorized or being read. • Use key word outline (can be on note cards) • Rehearse. • Place notes/outline on slanted surface/lectern to maintain eye contact

  20. Speech of Introduction • Thought Starters • Best is to do a self-awareness inventory • Cultural Background (Traditions, talents, etc.) • Important thing about environment in which you grew up • Special or remarkable person or persons in your life • Unusual or remarkable experiences you’ve had • Activity or activities in your life: Sports. Charity. School. • Work from which you draw a great deal of your identity • Your goals/purposes in life • A Value or values you hold dear • One way to start is to pose a question. • Write a script for yourself visualizing your success.

  21. Summary • Having completed this session, you can: • Control speaker apprehension • Manage the impression(s) you make though competence, integrity, likeableness, and dynamism. • Put together your first speech • Design your speech, outlining and preparing your presentation • Introduce yourself to your classmates in a short 4 to 5 minute speech