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Focal Area and Cross Cutting Strategies – Climate Change

Focal Area and Cross Cutting Strategies – Climate Change. Expanded Constituency Workshop 27-29 September 2011 Honiara, Solomon Islands. Guiding Principles for GEF-5 Strategy. Responsiveness to Convention guidance Consideration of national circumstances of recipient countries

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Focal Area and Cross Cutting Strategies – Climate Change

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  1. Focal Area and Cross Cutting Strategies – Climate Change Expanded Constituency Workshop 27-29 September 2011 Honiara, Solomon Islands

  2. Guiding Principles for GEF-5 Strategy • Responsiveness to Convention guidance • Consideration of national circumstances of recipient countries • Cost-effectiveness in achieving global environmental benefits • 6 Strategic Objectives for Climate Change Mitigation

  3. SO1: Demonstration, deployment, and transfer of innovative low-carbon technologies • Innovative technologies are targeted, but also priority technologies that are commercially available but have not been adopted in their markets. • Technical assistance for: • creating enabling policy environment for tech transfer • capacity building • establishment of tech transfer mechanisms • N-S and S-S cooperation • purchase of licenses • pilot investments • development of local capacity to adapt exogenous technologies to local conditions and technology integration

  4. SO2: Market transformation for energy efficiency in industry and the building sector • Industrial sector: energy efficient technologies and practices • Buildings: residential, commercial, and public buildings, both new and retrofitting; building envelope and energy-using systems are covered • Solar energy and shallow ground thermal capacity for heating and cooling • May support phase-out of HCFCs used in industry and buildings • Combination of TA on policy, regulation, and capacity building; financing mechanisms; and pilots

  5. SO3: Investment in renewable energy technologies • On-grid renewable energy programs • Decentralized production of electric power and the use of indigenous renewable sources • Enhancement of technical capacities of SMEs to provide installation, operation, and maintenance services for RETs. • Methane recovery from biomass wastes for power generation or heat production. • Sustainable production of biomass for biofuels • Combination of TA for policy and regulatory support, capacity building, and establishing financing mechanisms for investments.

  6. SO4: Energy efficient, low-carbon transport and urban systems • Integration of transport, energy, water, and housing sector activities • Address local air pollution and traffic congestion • TA in transport and urban planning, development of innovative financing mechanisms, awareness campaigns, and investments in high-performance technologies • Greater attention to measuring and quantifying GEB (GEF-STAP manual for calculating GHG benefits)

  7. SO5: Conservation and enhancement of carbon stocks through sustainable management of land use and forestry • Enhance, restore and manage carbon stocks and storage on forest and non-forest land (including peatland) • Reduce emissions of carbon stocks • Activities include: good practice demonstrations, establishment of national C monitoring systems, strengthen policies and institutions, etc. • Linked to Sustainable Forest Management/ REDD+ incentive mechanism

  8. SO6: Enabling activities and capacity building • Preparation of National Communications by non-Annex I Parties • Preparation and updating of TNAs especially for countries that did not receive support for TNAs during GEF-4 • Subject to future COP guidance, the GEF may finance activities to support capacity development and implementation of Article 6 of the Convention on education, training, and public awareness • The GEF can play a role in the emerging carbon markets • Carbon finance set-aside is available

  9. COP Mandate to GEF on Technology Transfer • Poznan Strategic Program on Technology Transfer (COP decision 2/CP.14) • Support for Technology Needs Assessments • Support for Technology Transfer Pilot Projects • Dissemination of successfully demonstrated technologies and know-how • GEF-5 replenishment • $4.3 billion total (six focal areas) • $1.4 billion for climate change mitigation

  10. GEF-5 Support for NAMAs • Identify long-range emission scenarios • BAU, sectoral crediting baseline, ambitious targets • Identify mitigation opportunities and costs • Low hanging fruits achieved by unilateral efforts, plus opportunities which may need additional international financing and support • Develop MRV methodologies to be applied to one/several sectors and pilot MRV activities • Optional component: pilot testing of sectoral approach Basic steps towards NAMAs • NAMA development could focus on specific sector/sectors, facilitating the development of sectoral goals and funding proposals • Pilot testing could also serve as an entry point to potential future carbon finance, i.e., sectoral crediting

  11. Thank you for your attention

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