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  1. Oral presentation of scientific research article/paper Designed, written and presented by: Saeed Zarein-Dolab PhD E-mail: sdolab@yahoo.com szarein@sbmu.ac.ir

  2. 1. PREPARATION AND PLANNING 2. STRUCTURE OF AN ORAL PRESENTATION • Introduction • Body • Conclusion 3. Dealing with questions 4. Body Language

  3. 1. PREPARATION AND PLANNING • What is the aim? • W ho am I talking to? • How much they know about the topic? • What are they interested to know? • What are the points I want to make? • How many people are there? • How big is the room? • What tools do I need? • when • How long

  4. 2. STRUCTURE OF AN ORAL PRESENTATION • Introduction (3 slides: Introducing yourself, finding/purpose/question, outline) • Body (introduction 0-8, materials & methods 1-10, findings 1-20) • Conclusion, recommendation (1-4 slides)

  5. 2. STRUCTURE OF AN ORAL PRESENTATION: introduction • Getting the audience’s attention and signaling the beginning • Greeting the audience • Introducing oneself • Giving the title and introducing the subject • Reason for choosing the title • Announcing the duration of the presentation

  6. Stating the objectives (purpose, aim, goals) • Presenting the outline • Announcing the possibility of commenting or asking questions

  7. 5th EATAW Conference, 2009The Roles of Writing Development in Higher Education and Beyond Qualitative analysis of first drafts of manuscripts written in article writing workshops in an EFL context Presenter:Saeed Zarein-Dolab PhDAssociate ProfessorShahid Beheshti Medical University Tehran-Iran

  8. Evaluating the modular education in higher education, developing a modular educational framework and predicting its applicability in clinical education • Hamideh Reshadatjoo PhD in Higher Education Islamic Azad University: Science and Research Branch • Saeed Zarein-Dolab (The presenter) PhD in TEFL zarein@sbmu.ac.ir Shahid Beheshti University: Medical Campus, Tehran, Iran

  9. Getting the audience’s attention and signaling the beginning : Right. Well. OK. Erm, Good, Fine, great. Shall we start? Let’s begin. Can we start? Let’s get the ball rolling. Let’s get down to business

  10. Greeting the audience Hello Good morning (up to 12) Good afternoon (from 12:01-18) Good evening (from 18:01 onwards) NO GOOD NIGHT Hello fellow colleagues thank you for your kind attention Ladies and gentlemen

  11. Greeting the audience (continued) Members of the jury Members of the board Mr chairman/chairwoman

  12. Introducing oneself Name, position, university, city and country: Good afternoon ladies and gentlemen, let me introduce myself, my name is Saeed Zarein-Dolab PhD and I am an associate professor of Shaheed Beheshti Medicall university in Tehran-Iran.

  13. Good morning everyone, I’d like to start by introducing myself. My name is Dr. Saeed Zarein-Dolab. I am an associate professor of English language in Shaheed Beheshti Medical University in Tehran-Iran. XXXX I am the head of medical school of XXX I am researcher from …. I’ve been working on the subject now for 10 years.. I’ve had wide experience in the field of ….

  14. Good morning, my name is Saeed Zarein-Dolab. I am a PhD student at Bristol University and I would like to talk to you about some of my findings in a study I did on XXXXX

  15. Other examples Ladies and gentlemen, • I would like to talk about XX • I would like to report on a research conducted on XXX in Iran in 2010 • I would like to thank the authorities of this seminar specially Dr Broadfoot for providing this opportunity for me to present the results of a research study conducted on XX

  16. Ladies and gentlemen It is my great pleasure to report on my research conducted on I am very much pleased to have this opportunity to present/report/share my experiences on X on Y in Z with you in this seminar. I would like to thank you for participating in this oral presentation and I hope you do not get bored. This oral presentation is about ……… I am pretty sure you would be excited at the end of this presentation ….

  17. The host introducing the guest speaker • Ladies and Gentlemen, I am very pleased and proud to introduce Dr XXX who is a lecturer in XXX university. He is known for his extensive research on …. Now I’ll turn the floor over to today’s speaker.

  18. Giving the title and introducing subject • I plan to speak about …. • Today I am going to talk about • The subject of my today presentation is .. • The theme of my talk is … • I’ve been asked to give you an overview of .. • I ‘d like to reflect on the results of my research on xxxx conducted in Tehran-Iran in 2004.

  19. Reason for choosing the title • I have chosen to speak about this topic because • I was asked to speak about this because ..

  20. Announcing the duration of the presentation • I will not speak more than 20 minutes • I have limited my presentation/speech to 10 minutes • My talk will last about 20 minutes. • I will speak about 12 minutes

  21. The question • Is it possible to improve faculty members’ research writing ability through a two-day workshop? And if yes, how successful it would be?

  22. The purpose • To evaluate the present and the ideal situation of modular education • To develop a Modular Educational Framework for higher education • To seek the consensus over the applicability of the framework in higher education and medical education

  23. The purpose • The main purpose of the study was: to examine the relation between X and Y in X patients • The specific aims were: 1. to 2.

  24. Stating the objectives (purpose, aim, goals) • My purpose in presenting this paper is to give you a solid background on the subject of XXXXXX (so that • What I would like to do today is: to explain how we can reduce risk of … to illustrate how economy changes when … to give you the essential background information .. to have a look at how different teaching approaches affects students’ performances on ..

  25. What I want my listeners to get out of my speech is: How different teaching approaches affect students’ performances on … • If there is one thing I’d like to get across to you today is: That how different To explain how different

  26. Your outline • Your outline should be about 4-8 points • The outline should be of the same grammatical structures

  27. Three slides: • Title page • Purpose/ finding/objectives/question • Outline

  28. Outline (3) The outline of the presentation: • methods of teaching • Data collection/treatment • Results • conclusion

  29. Outline • The problem / the need for the study • Data collection • Participants • Method of analysis • Findings • The actual presentation of the framework • Conclusion • suggestions

  30. I have broken my speech down/up into four parts. At first I explain about different methods of teaching. Then I describe how students were selected and data was collected. In the third part, I present the results of the analysis and at the final part I talk about the conclusion of the research. • I have divided my presentation up into four parts …..

  31. In the first part I will give a few basic definitions of • In the next section I will explain • In part three, I am going to show .. • In the last part I would like/want to give a practical example ….

  32. Announcing the possibility of commenting or asking questions • I’d ask you to save your questions for the end. • There will be plenty of time at the end of my presentation for a discussion • You may interrupt me at any moment to ask questions or make comments • Please stop me if you don’t understand any thing I say but could you keep any specific questions until after I‘ve finished.

  33. Making a transition between introduction and the body • Now let us turn to point one. • Let us now move to second point, which is, as I said earlier, about (the data collection)

  34. 2. STRUCTURE OF AN ORAL PRESENTATION: the body

  35. Body • In most cases you will have to limit the content, as time is usually precious! Introduction: (0-4slide) Known (optional) The problem or unknown Purpose/question Material and method: (1,10 slides) Data collection Procedure

  36. Introduction • The importance of modular education • Literature on ME • The purpose of the study

  37. Stating the problem • Modular education has been of much attention but little is conducted to: • Show the actual dimensions • The relevant indices • The general framework to conduct it more efficiently

  38. The materials and methods It can be divided into 1-10 slides • Data collection, patient selection, questionnaire design, criteria for the selection of the XXX, preparation • Procedure, treatment, surgery, intervention,

  39. Data collection • 1. A general survey of the documentations of modularization in Iran and the world • 2. Questionnaires • A. the authorities/lecturers in modular education • B. students in modular education • C. open ended questionnaire • 3. Interview • 4. Field observation

  40. Selection of the plants • The plants • Quantity • The average age • Number of buds • Environment • Climatic conditions

  41. Materials & methods The data were collected: through three stages: • Stage one: selecting the participants • Stage two: preparing them for the exam a. b. 3. Stage three: sitting for the exam

  42. How the study was conducted • The selection of the patients • The preparation for surgery • The procedure of the surgery • The recovery

  43. Materials & methods (procedure) The surgery was conducted through three stages: • Stage one: • Stage two: a. b. 3. Stage three

  44. Stage one: selection of the participants • The following criteria were used for the selection of the participants • Age (20-25) • Education • Economical status • Marriage

  45. Materials & methods • Methods of assessing the students ability • Multiple choice questions • Cloze test • Recall in first language

  46. findings • It can be divided into 1-20 (or even more) slides. • The discussion is also done on the tables, or figures • The important lines or cells should be highlighted

  47. Results: (1-20) The purpose (optional) What was done The results / graphs/charts • Conclusion: (1-4 slides) The answer Recommendation

  48. The present situation indices Mean SD n t p General designing of modular sytems 2.35 0.53 75 5.51 0.01 Features of modules 2.33 0.71 77 4.08 0.01 Components of modules 2.48 0.59 79 7.67 0.01 Student admission 3.24 0.75 95 3.08 0.01 Feedback 2.17 0.73 81 10.15 0.01 Evaluation and accreditation of materials 2.28 0.68 73 8.92 0.01 Management and recruitment 2.75 0.77 91 3.01 0.08 Reengineering of the modules 2.50 0.88 91 5.34 0.01 Graduation 2.67 0.84 82 4.08 0.01

  49. The ideal situation indices Mean SD n t p General designing of modular sytems 2.35 0.53 75 5.51 0.01 Features of modules 2.33 0.71 77 4.08 0.01 Components of modules 2.48 0.59 79 7.67 0.01 Student admission 3.24 0.75 95 3.08 0.01 Feedback 2.17 0.73 81 10.15 0.01 Evaluation and accreditation of materials 2.28 0.68 73 8.92 0.01 Management and recruitment 2.75 0.77 91 3.01 0.08 Reengineering of the modules 2.50 0.88 91 5.34 0.01 Graduation 2.67 0.84 82 4.08 0.01

  50. The comparison between the ideal and present situations indices Mean SD n t p General designing of modular sytems 2.35 0.53 75 5.51 0.01 Features of modules 2.33 0.71 77 4.08 0.01 Components of modules 2.48 0.59 79 7.67 0.01 Student admission 3.24 0.75 95 3.08 0.01 Feedback 2.17 0.73 81 10.15 0.01 Evaluation and accreditation of materials 2.28 0.68 73 8.92 0.01 Management and recruitment 2.75 0.77 91 3.01 0.08 Reengineering of the modules 2.50 0.88 91 5.34 0.01 Graduation 2.67 0.84 82 4.08 0.01