Bell Ringer • How does the judicial system provide a check on the legislature?
Constitution • James Madison- “Father” of the Constitution • 39 men signed it in 1787
Preamble • Why they are writing it? (to form a more perfect union) • What are the goals? (establish justice, domestic tranquility, common defense)
Division • Articles: major divisions • Sections- divisions of an article • Clauses- divisions of a section
Article 1 • Legislative Branch
Article II • Executive Branch
Article III • Judicial Branch
Article IV • Relations Among States
Article V • Various methods of amendments
Article VI • General Provisions
Article VII- Ratification • Must have nine states approve the Constitution
US Constitution • Took effect in April 1789 when George Washington was sworn in as President.
Washington’s Cabinet • 3 Departments • War- Henry Knox • State- Thomas Jefferson • Treasury- Alexander Hamilton
Judiciary Act of 1789 • Allowed for Congress to establish the Supreme Court • Established Judicial system
Alexander Hamilton Bubble Map • Read about Hamilton’s Economic plan • In your notes, complete a bubble map • Page 204
Whiskey Rebellion • Tax on Whiskey • Western PA farmers refused to pay • Washington ends rebellion • Demonstrates government strength
Now Let’s See It • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TNVBlIn4jso (7 min)
Was Washington the best candidate? • Positive Features • Negative Features
Page 206 • Counterpoints- Views of the Constitution • Answer Reading Like a Historian Question
Bell Ringer • Analyze one part of Hamilton’s economic plan.
Formation of Political Parties • Support Hamilton • Pro-business • Do not trust govt to the people • Loose interpretation of Constitution Federalists
Formation of Political Parties Support Jefferson • Pro-agriculture • Strict interpretation of Constitution • Let the people run the govt Democratic-Republicans
French Revolution • Washington declares neutrality • Neutrality Proclamation
Genet’s Mistake • French diplomat, Edmund Genet, convinces Americans to fight against British • Washington replaces Genet
French Revolution • Dem-Rep: pro-French
French Revolution • Federalists were pro England
Jay’s Treaty • Great Britain was interfering with: • Fur trading in the NW Territory • American shipping
Jay’s Treaty • John Jay negotiated treaty with Great Britain • End interference with trading and shipping
Pinckney’s Treaty • Negotiation with Spain • US gains: • All land east of the Mississippi (other than Florida)
Video • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TlYE9h-vDF4 (stop at 6:20)
Writing Activity: • Imagine you news reporter living in America during 1793, the same time in which President Washington issues the Neutrality Proclamation. • Write an expose describing why you either support President Washington’s decision to stay neutral or why you disagree with President Washington. • Who are the major political figures on your side? • Your expose needs to be at least 8 sentences long.
Conflicts with Natives • Little Turtle forms confederation • Defeats US in OH Valley
Conflicts with Natives • Battle of Fallen Timbers: • Ends resistance in Ohio Valley • Treaty of Greenville
Washington’s Farwell • Avoid alliances, political parties and sectionalism
DBQ Practice • “Let me… warn you in the most solemn manner against the baneful effects of the spirit of party… It serves always to distract the public councils and enfeeble the public administration. It agitates the community with ill-founded jealousies and false alarms; kindles the animosity of one party against another; foments [stirs up]… riot and insurrection [rebellion]. ~Pres. Washington “Farewell Address” • Why did Washington oppose political parties?
Now Let’s See It • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NJfynb0eSH0
Bell Ringer: List the three agreements that made up Jay’s Treaty.
LEQ: How will John Adams solve domestic and foreign policy issues?
Election of 1796 • John Adams is elected; VP (runner up) is Thomas Jefferson
XYZ Affair • French impressment had led to Pres. Adams sending 3 diplomats to France • Pinckney, Gerry & Marshall • Met with 3 French diplomats who demanded bribes • French agents names were replaced with XYZ when Pres. Adams sent report to Congress
Alien and Sedition Acts • Anti-French • Alien Act: • Raised residency requirements • Allowed for detention of aliens in time of war • Allowed president to deport aliens
Alien and Sedition Acts • Sedition Act: • Outlawed criticism of government and president • Attempt to silence D-R party
Now Let’s See It • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wL4ZN64Yz3o
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions • Created in opposition of the Alien and Sedition Acts • Madison (VA) • Jefferson (KY) • Attempted to declare un-fair laws null and void
Now Let’s Review! • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r161cLYzuDI
Bell Ringer: • What was the XYZ affair? How did it affect American public opinion?
LEQ: How will Thomas Jefferson provide a new outlook for the role of an American president?