CONFLICT WITHIN RELIGIONS Schism between Christians: Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy Divisions in Islam to Sunnis and Shiites Buddhism split into 2 sects: Mahayana and Theravada.
Conflict within Religions MAJOR WORLD RELIGIONS ISLAM CHRISTIANITY BUDDHISM Roman CATHOLIC Sunni Shiites E. Orthodoxy Mahayana Theravada
Schism between Eastern Orthodoxy and Catholicism • Roman Empire divided between Pope in Rome and Patriarch in Byzantium • Pope and Patriarch Struggled for Power • Pope excommunicates Patriarch • Patriarch excommunicates Roman Catholics • Division is made between Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholics.
Division in Islam into Sunni and Shi’a • 7th Century CE – Conflicts between Islamic groups causes great splits in beliefs. • Sunni and Shi’a (Shiite) form • Sunni – believed first 4 Caliphs were legitimate. • Shi’a - believe Muhammad’s son-in-law (or nephew) should have succeeded him directly.
Buddhist Sects • Schisms due to conflicts between cultural beliefs. • Theravada – Sri Lanka & SE Asia - Conservative - Stresses Self Discipline - Strict meditation and concentration • Mahayana – China, Mongolia, Japan, Korea - Liberal - Stresses wisdom and devotion - Meditation and emptiness