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Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt

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Ancient Egypt

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  1. Ancient Egypt Millie Cheng

  2. Agriculture supported life • 6000 BCE traces of cultivation of cereals and domestication of animals • People of Sahara moved down to Nile Valley and brought new farming skills Predynastic Period

  3. 3100-2686 BCE • Agriculture supported life • People of the Sahara moved down to the valley and brought new farming skills • 3100 BCE Menes or Narmer united Egypt • Artistic style was more organized Early Dynastic Period

  4. 3500 BCE • Little social stratification • Village economy was cereal agriculture • Traded with neighboring villages but trade was not center of economy Nagada 1

  5. 3300 BCE • Hierakonpolis (Upper Egypt) • Wasn’t in a city form but acted like a city • Population grew from a few hundred to thousands within 500 years • Hiera was the city Menes unified Egypt Nagada 2

  6. 3100-2686 BCE • Irrigation systems improved • Step pyramids were made • Peak: trading, raiding and mining inclined • Extended to Nubia • Buhen fortress decined at 2400 BCE Old Kingdom Egypt

  7. Central authority weakened • Nomarchs gained power had private armies and controlled locally • 2181 BCE Kingdom fell • Split into two regions: Herakleopolis in North, Thebes in South Decline of Old Kingdom

  8. 2050-1750 BCE • 2050 BCE King Mentuhotpe (of Thebes) reunited kingdom • Trade grew in two patterns- • Local caravan trade in spices, resin, and minerals with Nile Delta and Palestine (Northern Sinai and Persia) • Long distance trade by ship through Mediterranean • State gained more organization and power • Egypt administraters effectively spread power into Nubia and Middle East Middle Kingdom

  9. Nubia drove out Egypt conqurers • Invasions of the Hyksos Decline of Middle Kingdom

  10. Reclaimed power over Nubia and extended empire to Palestine and Syria • 2000-1630 Egypt conquers Nubia • Thutmosis 1 extended empire • 1200 BCE Egypt controls trade New Kingdom

  11. http://archaeology.about.com/od/predynasticearlyperiods/qt/predynastic_egy.htmhttp://archaeology.about.com/od/predynasticearlyperiods/qt/predynastic_egy.htm • http://www.ancient-egypt.org/index.html Works Cited