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Latin American studies

Latin American studies

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Latin American studies

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  1. Latin American studies Unit 6: cuban revolution May 6, 2011

  2. Blackboard configuration • Do Now: Grades/missing work check-in • Objectives: • Tounderstand Cuba after 1959 and theUnitedStates’ response • To define and discusscounterinsurgency • Toworkontheresearchpaper • Homework: • Cuban Revolution Quest on Monday • Rough draft of paper due 5/11

  3. Lesson 5: 1959 and beyond Cuban revolution

  4. Review from the movie—Pop quiz! • What was the essential revolutionary virtue? • What was Che’s condition for participating in the Cuban Revolution? • How would you define “guerrilla warfare?” What was it like for the Cubans during the Revolution? • What was the relationship between Che and Fidel like?

  5. New Left’s Spectrum of Cultural Practices Reveling in Indiscipline (Hippies/Jipis) Purging of Indiscipline (Heroic Guerrilla)

  6. 1959: revolutionizing the government • Batista fled Cuba 12/31/1958 • Guerrillas take Havana 1/1/1959

  7. Communist or not? • Che was never aligned with the communist party • HOWEVER… • Beliefs in land reform and work against economic imperiism Marxist base • Alternative markets in Russia • 1960: Castro’s trip to New York

  8. Economic tension Cuba and russia Cuba and the united states US embargo on sugar Refusal to refine  expropriated • New market for sugar • Bought Russian oil

  9. 1961: Bay of pigs invasion • CIA trained anti-Castro Cuban exiles try to invade Cuba • Soundly defeated • Did not spark an internal rebellion

  10. May 1961

  11. 1962: Cuban missile crisis • US spy planes photographed nuclear missile installations under construction • JFK’s ultimatum to the Russians • Withdraw or “else” • Agreement between the US and the Soviets

  12. What were the “Lessons” of the Cuban Revolution (for the Latin American Left)?

  13. 1. Revolution is possible

  14. 2. Peasantry as “soul & strength” of revolutionary movements

  15. 3. Revolution will be global

  16. Counterinsurgency “A combination of military, paramilitary, political, economic, psychological, and civic actions carried on by a government in order to destroy any movement of subversive insurgency”

  17. “Civic Action” Programs “Programs of civic military action [aim at] trying to obtain the loyalty of the population toward the government, and at the same time, to undermine the roots of insurgency among the peasants.”

  18. May 1965 “Return to Order!” (Revolver at the ready)

  19. School of lasamericas • Created in 1946 at the US-controlled Fort Amador in Panama • Officially became its name in 1963 • Expanded • Purpose of the school: To train individuals in counter-insurgency and military skills

  20. “Day of the Heroic Guerrilla” (October 8th) Distributed by the “Organization For Solidarity with the Peoples of Africa, Asia and Latin America” (OSPAAAL); by Elena Serrano, (1968)

  21. homework • Quest on Monday • Rough draft of paper due Friday