Eye Behavior Chapter Five
Eye Behavior • The study of eye behavior, eye contact, eye movement, and the functions of eye behavior is called oculesics. • Approximately 80 percent of your information about the outside world enters through the eye.
Properties of Eye Behavior • Salience – the behavior of our eyes plays an extremely important role in managing our interactions, eliciting the attention of others, and communicating our interest in what others have to say • Stimulate Arousal – there is some kind of arousal when we see another person
Properties of Eye Behavior • Involvement – eye contact with another virtually commands involvement with that other
Functions of Eye Behavior • Scanning – one of the primary functions of our eyes. Our eyes scan, focus, and collect information about the world around us. • Establishing and Defining Relationships – Eye-to-body or eye-to-eye contact can determine whether a relationship is established and can add definition to the relationship.
Functions of Eye Behavior • Eye Behavior can Oblige Us to Interact with Another Person – Interpersonal encounters usually begin with the two participants looking at one another and establishing eye contact. • Express Emotions – The eyes are a valuable source of information about emotional states.
Functions of Eye Behavior • Control and Regulate our Interactions with Others – The eyes, as well as nonverbal cues, are quite effective in regulating the back-and-forth interaction between speakers and listeners. • Decrease the Physical Distance – • Close Others Out – out of a conversation • That We are in Communication – without eye contact, people do not feel they are communicating
Types of Eye Behavior • Mutual Gaze – refers to two people looking in the direction of one another’s face. • One-sided Look – glance or gaze of one individual in the direction of another’s face. • Gaze Aversion – typically an intentional act. May signal that you are no longer interested in what the other person has to say.
Types of Eye Behavior • Gaze Omission – where a person does not look at another person, but it is not intentional. • Civil Inattention – the elevator look. • Staring – when one focuses in on another person and gives a long, hard, often invasive and uncomfortable-feeling look.
Pupil Dilation • May be a good indication of positive emotional arousal and interest in what is being observed.
Eye Behavior and Individual Differences • Nature of Relationships • Cultural Differences • Contextual Differences • Personality Differences • Gender Differences