Permian Period Lasted from 290 million years to 245 million years ago By: Destiny, Shayla, Amanda
climate • During the Permian period the climate varied because Pangaea existed. Intense heat occurred in the northern region. There were great seasonal fluctuations between wet and dry conditions. In the western area the climate changed from tropical weather to desert-like climate. The southern region was cold and arid. Much of the tract was frozen under ice caps.
Animals Before the extinction of different animals, many divergent species started to appear. Various organisms such as trilobites, pelycosaurs, and wodnikas lived during the Permian period. Trilobites were hard-shelled marine invertebrates that lived in the sea. Pelycosaurs were dominant land reptile animals during the Permian that had long bony spines along their back (tall spinal sail). Wodnikas were a genus of shark that roamed the waters which had also lived during the period. Their fossils are found in the present area, Germany and Russia.
plants During the Permian period, many unique plants existed. Seed ferns were a dominant plant species. They were very large woody plants that reproduced by spores. The Gingko tree was also a plant that was present throughout the Permian. Scientists state that the gingko was a living fossil from the period. It has a leaf-like structure and lofty. Algae however was very common among the great vibrant reefs that grew up around coral and sponges.
Interesting facts The planet’s largest mass extinction occurred during this time period The last period of the Paleozoic Era Many new unique species appeared during this period
References www.Google.com www.NationalGeographic.com www.DiscoveryEducation.com