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Super’s Life Span, Life Space Approach to Careers PowerPoint Presentation
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Super’s Life Span, Life Space Approach to Careers

Super’s Life Span, Life Space Approach to Careers

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Super’s Life Span, Life Space Approach to Careers

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  1. Super’s Life Span, Life Space Approach to Careers

  2. Overview • Developmental theory with 2 major tenets: • 1. Career development is a life long process • 2. Self concept influences human behavior • Personal self concept • Social self concept • 1953 10 propositions of career development • 1990 14 propositions of career development

  3. 14 Propositions • 1. Individual differences exist • 2. We fit certain occupations • 3. Each occupations calls for a specific personality type • 4. Our vocational preferences change • 5. The process of change is divided into stages • 6. Career patterns are influenced by external factors • 7. Readiness to deal with the demands of an occupation influence the types of job we will occupy

  4. 14 Propositions • 8. Career maturity is a psychosocial construct • 9. Development is guided by many factors • 10. Career development is the implementation of occupational self concepts • 11. We experiment with occupations to find one that fits • 12. Work satisfaction is dependent on numerous variables • 13. The greater the implemental in self concepts the greater job satisfaction • 14.Work provides a place for personality expression

  5. Developmental Stages • Growth (birth to age 14 or 15) • 4 major developmental tasks • Exploration (ages 15-24) • 3 major developmental tasks • Establishment (ages 25-44) • 3 major developmental tasks • Maintenance (ages 45-64) • 3 major developmental tasks • Decline (age 65+) • 3 major developmental tasks

  6. Developmental Stages • Caveat • Progression through stages is flexible • The stags are not linear • Some people have to complete 1 or 2 stages multiple times before moving on • Life Rainbow (page 42) • Archway Model (page 43)

  7. Super’s Theory • Empirical Evaluations • Difficult to establish empirical support due to the broad nature of the theory • Osipow and Fitzgerald (1996) and Hackett, Lent, and Greenhaus (1991) support Super’s theory in general

  8. Super’s Counseling Strategy • 1. Assessment in 4 phases • A. life structure and work salience • B. career development status and resources • C. vocational identity • D. occupational self concepts and life themes • 2. Data integration and narrative interpretation • 3. Counseling goals • 4. Procedures • 5. Processes

  9. Healy’s (1982) Counseling Strategy • Stage 1: establish client individuality • Stage 2: identifying and selecting strategies • Stage 3: teaching and aiding implementation • Stage 4: verifying goal achievement