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Gang membership

Gang membership

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Gang membership

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  1. Gang membership Why do juveniles join gangs?

  2. Defining gangs • No definition of gang membership is complete • gang problems are not limited to the urban populations • data on gangs usually comes from two sources: • police surveys self reporting

  3. Defining gangs(NYGC) • Three or more members • ages 12 to 24 years • a name and some sort of identity • generally uses symbols like clothing, graffiti and hand signs • degree of permanence and organization • elevated level all the involvement in delinquent or criminal activity

  4. Interstitial group • Recruiting new members • Setting goals • Controlling the neighborhood drug trade • Assigning roles • Certain gang members may have specific jobs • Developing status • Grooming young members for leadership roles

  5. What social conditions allow gangs to exist? • lack of parental supervision • surplus of free time • ineffective or alienating social resources • a place to congregate • lack of opportunities for traditional pursuits like meaningful jobs

  6. 30% of respondents report membership 65% of all delinquent acts by gang members

  7. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs Self-actualization esteem Love or acceptance safety Basic physiological needs

  8. physiological • A person satisfies their basic needs in order to complete homeostasis

  9. safety • The individual attempts to create water from a chaotic world • the individual attempts to insure their survival • the individual groups and interacts with people who should care for them and they should care for

  10. safety • The need of safety goes unfulfilled in an abusive household

  11. Love or acceptance • This need is filled when a person receives a sense of belonging from others • no human will allow this on the field need for any length of time

  12. esteem • Self-esteem • esteem from other people

  13. Self-actualization • Many do not fulfilled its need in their entire life • spiritual improvement

  14. Unmet needs • If the juvenile has unfulfilled were unmet needs and his or her life they will seek it elsewhere

  15. families • Families give juveniles a sense of belonging • loyalty • most families can provide loyalty by physical presence • support • support is what a juvenile really needs

  16. Gang membership bonding • Initiation • creates a common bond amongst members • the more demanding the initiation, the more loyal the members

  17. The gang membership professionalism • there is a hierarchy among teachers police officers and attorneys • the more educated, committed and steadfast a professional number is the more they are respected • gang membership often has more concrete examples of professionalism

  18. Gang membership has traditions • Requirement to know history of the organization • symbolic references • institutionalization

  19. Gang membership has sanctions • Sanctions promote professionalism • failure to meet standards of membership results in sanctions • the more severe the sanctions, the greater the incentive towards professionalism

  20. Gang membership has a common enemy • Law enforcement • mainstream society • other factions • solidarity creation

  21. Gang membership has a common goal • Economic goals • Common cause goals

  22. Gang membership can be economically satisfying • A small percentage of members make fairly good living

  23. Gang membership can be a response to strain • In Agnew’s strain theory, everyone wants to emulate the middle class

  24. Merton’s Modes of Individual Adaptation + = acceptance; - = rejection; +/- = rejection and substitution

  25. Strain • The Lower Class wants the success level of the Middle Class, Creating Strain • There are Fewer Opportunities for this Success (Unequal Distribution of Means to Achieve Goals)

  26. Formation of Gangs and Disruptive Groups • If Success cannot be attained by the same route the Middle Class can do it, The Lower Class can be successful by violating the Law • This is Innovation

  27. Crime • Innovation • I cannot achieve through legitimate means • Retreatism • Reject the Goals, Withdraw Mentally or Physically • Rebellion • New Goals

  28. Society encourages gang membership • Membership is a product of post-World War II work ethic • both partners in the working world • less supervision • paradigm shift of the economy

  29. Is gang membership here to stay? • What direction is society going? • Does anyone really care?