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Instrument Academic Refresher 1-212 Aviation Regiment UH60 IPC/MOI

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Instrument Academic Refresher 1-212 Aviation Regiment UH60 IPC/MOI

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  1. Instrument Academic Refresher1-212 Aviation RegimentUH60 IPC/MOI

  2. Instrument Academic Refresher • Why? • Less than desired proficiency among many US Army aviators • Not our primary mission, but an essential skill nonetheless, especially in IIMC procedures

  3. Instrument Academic Refresher • The intent of this training: • A basic review of the major concepts of IFR planning and flying • Sustain essential skills to be continually trained and kept in the aviators “flying kitbag”

  4. Instrument Academic Refresher • The three tenets of our approach to this training plan: • Plan it • File it • Fly it

  5. Instrument Academic Refresher • References: (items needed for training) • TC 1-212 • FM 1-240 • DOD FLIP • Aeronautical Information Manual

  6. PLANNING • Lets begin by looking at the IFR planning process

  7. PLANNING • A macro look at the IFR mission begins the process where you start to gather information • destination of mission • pax/equipment loads • weather • availability of IFR routing and approaches • aircraft equipment limitations • NOTAMs • flight plan filing locations or availability

  8. Scenario • Transport DART to Marianna Airport from Cairns AAF at 1200Z • 4 passengers • 4 toolboxes, 70 lbs each • 4 personal bags, 50 lbs each • If needed, vehicle transportation is available at Dothan Airport

  9. PLANNING Can’t we just go VFR? • AR 95-1 is specific on this- • All Army aircraft that are instrumented for IFR flight and are flown by an instrument rated pilot will operate on IFR flight plans except when— (a) Flight is primarily for VFR training (b) Time will not permit mission completion under IFR

  10. PLANNING (c) Mission can only be accomplished under VFR (d) Excessive air traffic control (ATC) departure, en route, or terminal area delays are encountered (e) Hazardous weather conditions must be avoided (f) Requirements of paragraph 4-24b are not met

  11. PLANNING • A Checklist for Success – Appendix B of FM 1-240 (supplemented by TC 1-212, Task 1002, Plan an IFR Flight)

  12. IFR Planning • Lets begin… • Once we gathered all mission data, let’s start by getting preliminary weather information • Where do we obtain our weather data?

  13. Weather Briefing • Priority should be given to military weather forecasters via the responsible Operational Weather Squadron (OWS) for your area (FIH, Section C lists these OWS facilities) • Outlook briefings can also be obtained from the nearest Flight Service Station (FSS) by calling 1-800-WXBRIEF. (Flights over 6 hours away can begin obtaining planning weather by telling the briefer you need an “Outlook Briefing.”) FAA weather may also used for weather information if military weather forecasters are not available

  14. Weather Briefing • Local commanders will establish policies specifying when DD Form 175-1 (Flight Weather Briefing) is required to be filed with DD Form 175 (Military Flight Plan) • Weather information for the DD Form 175-1 will be obtained from a military weather facility. If a military forecaster is not available, the PC will obtain a weather forecast per DOD FLIP

  15. Weather Briefing • Automated or computer based systems may be used to obtain weather information if the system is approved by USAASA and the commander establishes a program to ensure aviators are thoroughly familiar with the system in use • For all IFR and VFR cross country flights, the weather forecast will be void 1 hour and 30 minutes from the time the forecast is received provided the aircraft has not departed • Weather forecast may be extended after coordination with a weather facility. The crew should update weather briefing information on stopover flights

  16. Evaluate the Aircrew • RL status • Medical status (DA 4186) • Currency per AR 95-1, para 4-18. Two aviators current in the aircraft category being flown are required for flights in forecast instrument meteorological conditions (IMC). Flight trainees meet this requirement when undergoing instrument training and an IP or IE current in the mission, type, design, and series aircraft being flown is at one set of controls

  17. Evaluate The Aircraft • Equipment status IAW Table 5-2, AR 95-1, and your aircrafts logbook status

  18. FLIP Research • First, a review of DOD FLIP products available to assist you in your planning (reference GP, Chapter 3) • NOTE: All DOD FLIP is now available online at

  19. General Planning (GP) • Published every 32 weeks • This publication contains general information on all Flight Information Publications, terms, explanation of the divisions of United States Airspace, Flight Plans and Codes, common worldwide pilot procedures, ICAO procedures, Operations and Firings over the High Seas and Aviation Weather Codes

  20. AREA PLANNING (AP/1, 2, 3 and 4) • AP/1, 2, and 3 are published every 24 weeks • These documents contain planning and procedure information for a specific region or geographic area

  21. AREA PLANNING (AP/1A, 2A, 3A and 4A)(SPECIAL USE AIRSPACE) • Published every 48 weeks • These documents contain all Prohibited, Restricted, Danger, Warning and Alert Areas listed by country. Military Operations and known Parachute Jumping Areas are also listed

  22. AREA PLANNING (AP/1B) (MILITARY TRAINING ROUTES) • Published every 8 weeks. It contains information relative to military routes, including IFR Military Training Routes (IR), VFR Military Training Routes (VR), and other types of military routes

  23. FLIGHT INFORMATION HANDBOOK • This handbook contains aeronautical information required by DoD aircrews in flight, but which is not subject to frequent change • Sections include information on: • Emergency Procedures • FLIP and NOTAM Abbreviation/Codes • National and International Flight Data and Procedures • Meteorological Information • Conversion Tables • Standard Time Signals • Publication cycle is every 32 weeks.

  24. ENROUTE AND TERMINAL PUBLICATIONS • These publications are designed to provide radio navigation, departure, airway structure, letdown, approach and landing information for use during the in-flight phase of IFR Operations • The publications are updated by Notices to Airmen (NOTAMs), Enroute Change Notices (ECNs) or Terminal Change Notices (TCNs) on an issue basis, or by Urgent Change Notices (UCNs) as required

  25. ENROUTE LOW ALTITUDE CHARTS • These charts portray the airway system and related data required for IFR Operations at altitudes below 18,000 feet MSL • Twenty-six variable scale charts are printed on thirteen sheets, L-1 through L-26, covering the entire United States • An additional sheet, Charts L-27 and L-28 duplicating data shown on L-20, L-22, L-24 and L-25, is available for those who frequently plan flights North and South along the East Coast within the area of coverage. Publication cycle is every 8 weeks



  28. ENROUTE IFR SUPPLEMENT • This supplement contains an alphabetical IFR Airport/Facility Directory, Special Notices and Procedures required to support the Enroute and Area Charts. Publication cycle is every 8 weeks • Additionally, in some cases the Airport Facility Directory may be your only source of information


  30. ENROUTE VFR SUPPLEMENT • This supplement contains an alphabetical listing of selected VFR airports with sketches. Publication cycle is every 24 weeks


  32. TERMINAL HIGH LOW ALTITUDE • Twenty-five bound booklets contain: • Instrument Approach Procedures • Airport Diagrams • Standard Instrument Departures and Radar Instrument Approach Minimums • The set contains all DoD terminal instrument procedures and civil terminal instrument procedures requested by the military




  36. NOTAMS • NOTAM information for DoD aircrews is obtained using the DoD Internet NOTAM Distribution System (DINS)

  37. NOTAMS • The primary DINS system NOTAM Web page incorporates many features to assist the user when retrieving NOTAM requests • Real time NOTAM data is available, and contains all NOTAMs validated by the U.S. NOTAM System (USNS), which includes domestic, international, military and from Flight Data Centers (FDC)

  38. NOTAMS • Aircrews using DINS will not need to consult FLIP to determine if a location has NOTAM support. DINS will provide a plain language notice, highlighted in red, when a requested location is not in the U.S. NOTAM System • ALTERNATE LOCATION – Use to retrieve NOTAMs should the primary DINS server be out of service

  39. NOTAMS • If a proposed flight will terminate at a civil airport, aircrews should obtain/review all Federal Aviation Administration “D” and “L” series NOTAMs including those contained in the “NOTICES TO AIRMEN” publication (NTAP) • Flight Service Station briefers will not provide NOTAMs from the NTAP unless specifically requested

  40. NOTAMS • "L" Series: These "Local" NOTAMs must be obtained from the Flight Service Station (FSS) which serves the destination airport • Obtain the commercial phone number for the destination Flight Service Station from the FLIP civil Airport/Facility Directory, or any Flight Service Station

  41. NOTAMS • "D" Series: These "Distance" NOTAMs, which are similar to the DoD NOTAM, may be obtained from any Flight Service Station • This type civil NOTAM is included in the DINS for those locations covered by the DoD

  42. NOTAMS • "NOTICES TO AIRMEN": This publication is issued every 28 days. Data in this publication which is current on the effective date of the next Airport/Facility Directory (AFD) will be transferred to the AFD and removed from this publication. The NTAP is available on line at

  43. Notice to Airman Publication

  44. ROUTE PLANNING How can we safely takeoff from the departure airfield? Departure Airfield

  45. Departure Airfield • Diverse Departure: • If the airport has at least one instrument approach procedure (IAP), and there are no published IFR departure procedures then an aircraft departing under IFR can ensure obstacle clearance by executing a “diverse departure”

  46. Departure Airfield • ATC will not specifically clear an aircraft for a diverse departure; the clearance may simply be cleared as filed • In order to fly a diverse departure, fly runway heading until 400 feet above the field elevation before executing any turns while maintaining a minimum climb gradient of 200 feet per nautical mile (unless a higher gradient is published) until reaching a minimum IFR altitude

  47. Departure Airfield • For heliports and helipads, instrument departure obstacle clearance is based on helicopters climbing 352’ per nautical mile and climbing to 400 feet above takeoff area elevation before turning

  48. Diverse Departure Airfield

  49. Departure Airfield • SIDs or DPs • Non standard take off minima • Most important: Be sure you can comply with any takeoff minima and you know what climb rate you can achieve by use of the Climb/Descent chart in your operator’s manual