Bell Ringer • Complete the 1st page of the handout. • You may work with a partner. • You have 15 minutes!
Today in class… We will… Identify the key events, people and locations of WWII. You will be able to… Language Social Studies • Define: Appeasement, Blitzkrieg • Axis Powers • Analyze a political cartoon. • Describe the impact of the worldwide depression on Japan, Italy and Germany. • Describe the actions of Germany, Italy and Japan that led to WWII. • Identify key people of WWII and their importance. NEXT TIME/SOON:
Germany’s war strategy of intense bombing followed quickly by waves of tanks and infantry Blitzkrieg "Lightning War"
Axis Powers • Countries that fought on the same side as Germany in WWII
Japan • Government was blamed when the Great Depression hit. • Military then took over the country • Extreme nationalists • Believed they could solve economic problems through expansion • Decided to create a Pacific Empire
Japan Expands • Manchuria: Taken by Japan in 1931 • China: Attacked by Japan in 1937
Italy Mussolini sees Japan’s success and takes Ethiopia in order to expand.
Goes against the Treaty of Versailles Beginning in March 1935 Rebuilds armed forces Starts in 1934! Germany moves troops into the Rhineland Germany
League of Nations • Condemns actions of Japan, Italy and Germany • But … they could not back it up! • No army • USA did not join
Tripartite Pact • Alliance between Germany, Italy, & Japan • Became known as the Axis Powers October 1936: Germany & Italy form an alliance November 1936: Japan joins
Appeasement Britain and France practiced appeasement prior to the start of World War II. Britain & France allowed Germany to do what it wanted (appeasement). To appease is to please.
Appeasement 1936: Germany reoccupies the Rhineland > Britain condemns Germany. 1938: Germany takes over Austria > Britain allows it, but makes Germany promise not to take over anymore territory. 1939: Germany invades Czechoslovakia > Britain & France condemn Germany’s actions.
Munich Conference September 29, 1938: Meeting between France, Britain, Germany, & Italy Germany was given land & Germany promised not to take anymore land Hitler is given the Sudetenland 6 months later Hitler takes the rest of Czechoslovakia
Non-Aggression Pact • Agreement between Hitler & Stalin • Germany & USSR become allies • Agreed that they would split Poland
September 1, 1939 Germany invades Poland
The invasion of Poland caused Britain and France to declare war.World War II officially starts.
June 10: Italy joins Germany & attacks France from the south • June 14: Paris falls • June 22: France surrenders
On June 16, 1940, the French cabinet voted to ask Germany for armistice terms. In order to completely humiliate the French, Hitler insisted on receiving their surrender inside the same railroad car in which the Germans had surrendered to the Allies at the end of World War I.
Economic & Political Causes of WWII • Aggression by totalitarian powers (Germany, Italy, and Japan) • Nationalism • Failures of the Treaty of Versailles • Weakness of the League of Nations • Appeasement • Tendencies towards isolationism and pacifism (peace loving) in Europe and the U.S.
Partner Work • Battles and Events chart - Use your notes to fill in 1 and 2 • Label the map (1-9) and color code it for Axis powers, Axis control, Allied nations, Neutral nations – Purple textbook, pg. 438 • Complete the Exit Ticket (political cartoon) and turn in before you leave • Complete Good Guys/Bad Guys chart using pictures in the hall (can be done in Pride)