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I. Introduction PowerPoint Presentation
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I. Introduction

I. Introduction

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I. Introduction

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  1. AZ/World Bank/EU Twinning Project Closing Conference & RALI International ConferenceThe Role of Labour Inspection inCombatting Child LabourOutline of a Presentation byWolfgang Frhr. von Richthofen W. Frhr. von Richthofen, Baku, November, 2012 1/15

  2. I. Introduction • Historical background • Scope and nature of the problem 2.1 Child work and child labour 2.2 The scale of child labour 2.3 The nature of child labour 2.4 The worst forms of child labour 2.5 Other potentially harmful work W. Frhr. von Richthofen, Baku, November, 2012 2

  3. 2.6 Specific categories of child labour 2.6.1 Concentrated and visible child labour 2.6.2 Concentrated and invisible child labour 2.6.3 Dispersed and visible child labour 2.6.4 Dispersed and invisible child labour W. Frhr. von Richthofen, Baku, November, 2012 3

  4. II. Principle of labour protection and inspection • Five major principles 1.1 A public function 1.2 Cooperation with social partners 1.3 Cooperation with other stakeholders 1.4 Focus on prevention 1.5 The need for universal coverage W. Frhr. von Richthofen, Baku, November, 2012 4

  5. 2. International standards as sources of authority 2.1 Convention No. 81 and Recommendation No. 81 2.2 Convention No. 129 and Recommendation No. 133 2.3 Convention No. 134 and Recommendation No. 146 2.4 Convention No. 182 and Recommendation No. 190 W. Frhr. von Richthofen, Baku, November, 2012 5

  6. 2.4 Specifically: ILO C. No. 182 requires member States to: ·apply the Convention to all children under 18; • take immediate, effective measures to prohibit and eliminate the worst forms of child labour; • designate inspection (monitoring) mechanisms; • adopt programmes of action; • ensure effective enforcement, including penal or other sanctions; • take preventive measures for the removal from work, rehabilitation and social integration of children concerned; • ensure access to free basic (primary) education; • take account of the special situation of girls; • take steps to assist each other through international cooperation and/or assistance. W. Frhr. von Richthofen, Baku, November, 2012 6

  7. 3. Functions of labour inspection 3.1Main functions 3.2Functional integration 4.Conditions for effective labour inspection W. Frhr. von Richthofen, Baku, November, 2012 7

  8. Inhibitions to effectivelabour inspection of child labour 1.Lack of political will 2. Shortcoming in the law: frequent need for reform 3. Educational, attitudinal and economic factors 3.1 Traditional prevalent aspects 3.2Attitudes and ethical conduct of inspectors W. Frhr. von Richthofen, Baku, November, 2012 8

  9. The authority of labour inspectors 1.Defining the authority of labour inspectors 2.The qualities of labour inspectors 3.Training inspectors in effectively combating child labour 4. Resources and status of inspectors W. Frhr. von Richthofen, Baku, November, 2012 9

  10. V. Managing the inspection of child labour 1.A clear policy 2.Clear strategies 3.Planning and setting priorities 4.Special inspections, investigations and follow-up visits 5.Complaints 6.Coordination and cooperation with other authorities, the social partners and front-line NGOs 7.Collecting data W. Frhr. von Richthofen, Baku, November, 2012 10

  11. Particular difficulties in combatting (worst forms of) child labour 1.  Lack of political will and of effective legislation 2.    Poverty and economics 3. The informal sector 4.    Cultural factors 5.    Organisational deficiencies W. Frhr. von Richthofen, Baku, November, 2012 11

  12. Dealing with specificinspection problems 1.Finding and gaining access to premises 2.Lack of understanding of the inspector’s role 3.Lack of children’s (and parents’) cooperation 4.Enforcing compliance and applying sanctions W. Frhr. von Richthofen, Baku, November, 2012 12

  13. The 2002 ILO Handbook for Labour Inspectors in Combatting Child Labour     I. Introduction II.7 substantive Chapters III. The Training Process W. Frhr. von Richthofen, Baku, November, 2012 13

  14. Content of the Handbook • Scope and nature of Child Labour • International and national law • Challenges to effective CL inspection • Promising new approaches • Preparing for CL inspection • Identifying, monitoring and inspecting • Taking action and follow-up W. Frhr. von Richthofen, Baku, November, 2012 14

  15. Thankyou for your attention! Wolfgang von Richthofen International Consultant on Labour Inspection/Protection, Technical Adviser to IALI, and Consultant for the World Bank 23, ch. Grotte-Garin, F - 01710 Thoiry, France W. Frhr. von Richthofen, Baku, November, 2012 15