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Poetic Devices

Poetic Devices

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Poetic Devices

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  1. Poetic Devices What are poetic devices? Poetic devices are tools, techniques, and figures of speech that help improve the quality, comprehension, and meaning of a poem.

  2. ALLITERATION • The repetition of similar sounds in a line of poetry. • Example: The sun set slowly over the sea.

  3. ALLUSION • A reference to a person, place, or event of which most people are aware. • Example: He was a real Romeo with the ladies.

  4. ASSONANCE • The intentional repetition of a vowel sound. • Example: I lie down by the side of my bride / Fleet feet sweep by sleeping geese / Hear the lark and harden to the barking of the dark fox gone to ground.

  5. HYPERBOLE • Extreme exaggeration for effect • Example: I was so embarrassed, I thought I might die.

  6. IMAGERY • Language that evokes sensory images in the mind. • Example: The sky looked like the untouched canvas of an artist.

  7. METAPHOR • The comparison of two unlike things without using “like” or “as” • Example: Life is a journey.

  8. METER • The rhythm or pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.

  9. ONOMATOPOEIA • A word that imitates the sound it represents. • Example: The bees buzzed around her head.

  10. PERSONIFICATION • Giving human qualities to animals or inanimate objects. • Example: Anger frowned and snarled at me.

  11. REPETITION • A single word or phrase used throughout a poem in order to emphasize a theme or important element within the poem. • Example: The woods are lovely, dark, and deep But I have promises to keep, And miles to go before I sleep, And miles to go before I sleep.

  12. RHYME • The close similarity of sounds at the end of poetic lines. • Example: Sir Lancelot was the first knight of the round table/saying he was a coward is a complete fable.

  13. RHYME SCHEME • The pattern by which lines of poetry are grouped.

  14. SIMILE • A comparison of two things using “like” or “as” • Example: My love is like a red rose.

  15. STANZA • The grouping of two or more lines of poetry by length, rhythm, rhyme, and/or idea (also can be called a verse)

  16. SYMBOL • An object, person, or place that has more than one meaning. • Example: Roses and hearts are common symbols used to represent love.