Poetic Devices Figurative Language And Musical Devices
I can… • I can identify musical devices in poetry. • I can evaluate the effectiveness of the use of these musical devices. • I can use Standard English correctly.
Standards • 3003.8.9 Identify, analyze, and evaluate the effect and use of metrics (especially iambic pentameter), rhyme scheme (e.g., end, internal, slant, eye), rhythm, alliteration, and other conventions of verse in complex poetry (including poetic forms such as lyric, blank verse, epic, sonnet, dramatic poetry). • 3003.8.10 Recognize and identify the characteristics of lyric poetry, blank verse, free verse, epics, sonnets, dramatic poetry, and ballads. • SPI 3003.8.1 Identify and analyze examples of idiom, metaphor, simile, personification, hyperbole, or pun in poetry or prose. • 3003.8.17 Comprehend and use figurative language (e.g., idioms, metaphors, similes, personification, hyperbole.)
Figurative Language • Metaphor • Simile • Hyperbole • Personification • Allusion • Idiom • Pun
Idiom An expression that says one thing, but means something different. • Let’s play it by ear. • That girl is all thumbs. • We don’t want to jump the gun here! • She thought she was getting a steal when she bought that car, but she ended up with a lemon.
Pun A play on words. • "You can tune a guitar, but you can't tuna fish. Unless of course, you play bass." - Douglas Adams • A gossip is someone with a great sense of rumor. • I was on an elevator the other day, and the operator kept calling me "son". I said, "Why do you call me 'son'? You're not my father." He said, "I brought you up, didn't I?
Musical Devices • Meter- Iambic Pentameter • Alliteration • Assonance • Consonance • Rhyme • Onomatopoeia • Refrain (Repetition)
Iambic Pentameter • /Shall I/ compare/ the to/ a sum/mer’s day?/ • /Thou art /more love/ly and /more temp/erate. • /Rough winds/ do shake/ the darl/ing buds/ of May./ • /And Sum/mer’s lease/ hath all/ too short/ a date.
Alliteration Repetition of consonant sounds at or near the beginning of the word. • Example: From somewhere far beyond, the flag of fate’s caprice unfurled Caprice- (ca-prees) 1. A sudden and unpredictable change. 2. A tendency to change one’s mind without apparent motive
Assonance • Repetition of consonant sounds with different ending consonants. • Example: Fate, Fade/Game and Lane • Hear the mellow, wedding bells. Mate, Fate/ Same, Game
Consonance • Repetition of the same end consonants at the end of a word. • Example: Boat, Night/ Cool, Soul The stench in blackness reeks and seeps triggering Writhing and withering. Dripping rosehip like a teardrop falls. Waiting, fading, gone.
Rhyme from To My Little Sister With Throat Cancer, Happy Trails To Cancer Shirt By Sam French It was purchased just for you,when you're happy or you're blue,you can wear it on your head,'round the house or in your bed,
Onomatopoeia • Words that imitate sounds • Examples • Drip, drop • Buzz • Vroooooom! • Bang! • Whispering
Refrain • Also known as repetition • The repetition of words within a poem. • Quoth the Raven, “Nevermore”.
Group Work • Choose one of the poems by Emily Dickenson. Pages 396-401 • Perform a full scansion of the piece to determine the meter. Blank or free verse? • Fill out Understanding Poetry Questionnaire. • Identify Figurative Language and Musical Devices
Independent Practice • Take out the Blank or Free Verse poem that you wrote Monday. • Revise your poem to include at least THREE of the musical devices that we talked about today and at least TWO examples of figurative language. • Your finished poem should between fifteen and twenty-five lines long.
Closure Journal: Name one type of figurative language that you use on a daily basis. Give an example.