PoeticDevices The Sounds of Poetry
Onomatopoeia When a word’s pronunciation imitates its sound. Examples Buzz Fizz Woof Hiss Clink Boom Beep Vroom Zip
Repetition Repeating a word or words for effect. Example When you, my Dear, are away, away, How wearily goes the creeping day.
Rhythm When words are arranged in such a way that they make a pattern or beat. Example There once was a girl from Chicago Who dyed her hair pink in the bathtub I own a solace shut within my heart, A garden full of many a quaint delight Hint: hum the words instead of saying them.
Rhyme When words have the same end sound. Happens at the beginning, end, or middle of lines. Examples Where Fair Air Bear Glare
Alliteration When the first sounds in words repeat. Example Peter Piper picked a pickled pepper. Slim-pinioned swallows sweep and pass
Consonance When consonants repeat in the middle or end of words. Creates a near rhyme sound Examples Fixed in onyx A pillar of valor The calm lamb Fish in a mesh net
Practice Quiz I’ll put some lines of poetry on the board. Write down which techniques are used: Alliteration, consonance, rhythm, rhyme, and onomatopoeia. Some poems use more than one technique.
1 Oh! To be a wave Splintering on the sand, Drawing back, but leaving Lingeringly the land.
2 Drip--hiss--drip--hiss– fall the raindrops on the oaken log which burns, and steams, and smokes the ceiling beams. Drip--hiss--the rain never stops.
3 A trumpet-vine covered an arbourWith the red and gold of its blossoms.Red and gold like the brass notes of Trumpets.
4 I passed through the gates of the city, The streets were strange and still,Through the doors of the open churches The organs were moaning shrill.
5 Upon the enchanted ladder of his rhymes,Round after round and patientlyThe poet ever upward climbs.
Answers 1. Rhythm, rhyme, consonance, alliteration. 2. Onomatopoeia, consonance, repetition, rhyme • Consonance, repetition • Rhythm, rhyme, alliteration • Repetition, rhyme, light alliteration