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Poetic Devices

Poetic Devices

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Poetic Devices

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  1. Poetic Devices End-jammed/End-stopped Lines

  2. End Jammed vs. End Stopped • End Jam: The sentence runs into the next line • An example is from an extract from The Winter's Tale by Shakespeare is heavily enjambed (end jammed). I am not prone to weeping, as our sex Commonly are; the want of which vain dew Perchance shall dry your pities; but I have That honourable grief lodged here which burns Worse than tears drown. • End Stop: The unit ends when the line ends • An example of end-stopping can be found in the following extract from The Burning Babe by Robert Southwell; the end of each line corresponds to the end of a clause. As I in hoary winter's night stood shivering in the snow, Surprised I was with sudden heat, which made my heart to glow; And lifting up a fearful eye to view what fire was near, A pretty babe all burning bright did in the air appear.

  3. In this extract from TheGap by Sheldon Vanauken, the first and third lines are end-jammed, while the second and fourth are end-stopped: All else is off the point: the Flood, the Day Of Eden, or the Virgin Birth—Have done! The Question is, did God send us the Son Incarnate crying Love! Love is the Way!

  4. End-jammed or End-stopped? “An Essay on Man: Epistle I”: Then say not man’s imperfect, Heav’n in fault; Say rather, man’s as perfect as he ought: His knowledge measur’d to his state and place, His time a moment, and a point his space. If to be perfect in a certain sphere, What matter, soon or late, or here or there? The blest today is as completely so, As who began a thousand years ago.

  5. End-jammed or End-stopped? William Carlos Williams’s “Between Walls”: the back wings of the hospital where nothing will grow lie cinders in which shine the broken pieces of a green bottle

  6. Poetry Unit (3) Writing prose, psalms, hymns, and epic poetry.

  7. Prose/Psalm/Hymn • You will choose one of the following types of poems and create an original piece following the guidelines of the type you select. • Prose: Prose poetry looks a lot like an excerpt from a narrative. A prose poem tells a story. • While it lacks the line breaks associated with poetry, the prose poem maintains a poetic quality, often utilizing techniques common to poetry, such as fragmentation, compression, repetition, and rhyme. • The prose poem can range in length from a few lines to several pages long, and it may explore a limitless array of styles and subjects. Read More Examples:

  8. Prose/Psalm/Hymn • Hymns: Hymns are like prayers that can be turned into songs. Hymns are usually “composed” with the intent of putting it to music. • Hymns usually include rhyme or repetition (select one) and end with the “best” line • Options: Write your own, original hymn OR write 2 stanzas to a hymn that already exists Tip for Getting Started: Select a verse or passage from a religious based text (such as the Bible) and use that as inspiration or select phrases/lines that can be included in your hymn

  9. Prose/Psalm/Hymn • Psalm: Psalms are also known as prayers or songs • The psalms cover the full range of human emotion through prayers, cries, questions, laments and praises to a higher power • Do not need to rhyme or be repetitive, but do include other poetic devices such as extended metaphors or similes and imagery • Topics to choose from: 1) praise 2) ask for help 3) gratitude 4) ask for forgiveness 5) Worship • Psalms usually provide encouragement, joy, faith and hope. Tips to writing a psalm:

  10. Assignment #1: Prose/Psalm/HymnAssessment Score: 15 points • Follow the guidelines of the type you choose to write about AND ALSO…. • Must be 8 lines (2 verses) • Must have rhyme OR repetition (not both) • Must include imagery Rough draft due: Friday, 12/20 Final draft (typed, titled and in portfolio) due: January 2, 2014

  11. Assignment #2: Epic PoemAssessment Score: 25 points Epic Poem: Writing about a larger than life figure! Assignment: Write about a hero (can be yourself, family member, god/goddess, superhero) and tell about an adventure where the hero was assigned a “task” or job to do and their journey to complete this assignment then the hero’s return home; • Must include super power but ALSO a flaw that derails the hero’s journey • Does not HAVE to rhyme but must be 20 lines! • Must include at least 2 end-jammed and 2 end-stopped lines • Rough draft due: Friday, 12/20 • Final draft (typed, titled and will go in portfolio): due 01/02