Download
slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
LIFE-SPAN DEVELOPMENT PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
LIFE-SPAN DEVELOPMENT

LIFE-SPAN DEVELOPMENT

206 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

LIFE-SPAN DEVELOPMENT

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

    1. LIFE-SPAN DEVELOPMENT

    2. Motor, Sensory, and Perceptual Development Motor Development Sensory and Perceptual Development Perceptual-Motor Coupling

    3. Dynamic Systems View Seeks to explain how motor behaviors are assembled for perceiving and acting Motivation leads to new motor behavior; a convergence of Nervous system development Bodys physical properties Childs motivation to reach goal Environmental support for the skill

    4. Dynamic Systems View Seeks to explain how motor behaviors are assembled for perceiving and acting Motivation leads to new motor behavior; a convergence of Nervous system development Bodys physical properties Childs motivation to reach goal Environmental support for the skill

    5. Reflexes Built-in reactions to stimuli Govern newborns movements Genetically carried survival mechanisms Allow adaptation to environment Provides opportunity to learn Some disappear (e.g.: grasping), some last throughout life (e.g.: coughing)

    6. Reflexes

    7. Gross Motor Skills Motor skills that involve large-muscle activities (milestones achieved) Infancy Development of posture Locomotion and crawling Learning to walk Help of caregivers important; cultural variation exists More skilled and mobile in second year

    9. Gross Motor Skills Childhood Improved walking, running, jumping, climbing, learn organized sports skills Positive and negative sport outcomes Movement smoother with age Adolescence - Skills continue to improve Adulthood Peak performance of most sports before 30 Biological functions decline with age

    10. Guidelines for Parents and Coaches of Children in Sports

    12. Fine Motor Skills Involves more finely tuned movements, such as finger dexterity Infancy: Reaching and grasping Size and shape of object matters Experience affects perceptions and vision Early Childhood: Pick up small objects Some difficulty building towers Age 5: hand, arm, fingers move together

    13. Fine Motor Skills Childhood and adolescence Writing and drawing skills emerge, improve Steadier at age 7; more precise movements By 10-12, can do quality crafts, master difficult piece on musical instrument Adulthood speed may decline in middle and late adulthood, but most use compensation strategies Older adults can still learn new motor tasks

    14. Handedness Genetic inheritance proposed, unproven Preference of using one hand over other Right-handedness dominant in all cultures Right hand preference in thumb-sucking begins in the womb Head-turning preference in newborns Preference later leads to handedness

    15. Handedness, the Brain, and Cognitive Abilities 95% of right-handed primarily process speech in left hemisphere Left handed Are more likely to have reading problems Show more variation Have better spatial skills More common among mathematicians, musicians, artists, and architects

    16. What Are Sensation and Perception? Sensation occurs when information contacts sensory receptors Perception interpretation of sensation

    17. The Ecological View People directly perceive information in the world around them Perception brings people in contact with the environment to interact with it and adapt to it All objects have affordances; opportunities for interaction offered by objects necessary to perform activities

    18. Studying Infant Perception Visual preference method to determine if infants can distinguish between various stimuli Habituation and Dishabituation Habituation decreased responsiveness to stimulus Dishabituation recovery of habituated response Tracking moving eyes and/or head to follow moving objects Videotape equipment, high-speed computers

    19. Infants Visual Perception

    20. Perceptual Constancy

    21. Vision in Childhood Improved color detection, visual expectations, controlling eye movements (for reading) Preschoolers may be farsighted Signs of vision problems Rubbing eyes, blinking, squinting Irritability at games requiring distance vision Closing one eye, tilting head to see, thrusting head forward to see

    22. Aging Vision In Adulthood Loss of Accommodation presbyopia Decreased blood supply to eye smaller visual field, increased blind spot Slower dark adaptation, decline in motion sensitivity Declining color vision: greens, blues, vi Declining depth perception problems with steps or curbs

    23. Glare Vision and Aging

    24. Diseases of the Eye Cataracts thickening eye lens that causes vision to become cloudy, opaque, distorted Glaucoma damage to optic nerve because of pressure created by buildup of fluid in eye Macular degeneration involves deterioration of retina

    25. Hearing

    26. Hearing

    27. Hearing

    28. Other Senses

    29. Intermodal Perception Ability to relate and integrate information about two or more sensory modalities, such as vision and hearing Exists in newborns; sharpens with experience in first year

    30. Perceptual-Motor Coupling Explores how people assemble motor behaviors for perceiving and acting Controversial for some researchers Babies coordinate movements with perceptual information to maintain balance, reach for objects, etc. Driving a car is coupling; declines in late adulthood

    31. The End