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HSS Safety Share. Ladder Safety. What Goes Up, Must Come Down – Safely?. Overview. More than 164,000 emergency room-treated injuries in the U.S. relating to ladder use both in the work place and at home.
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HSS Safety Share Ladder Safety What Goes Up, Must Come Down – Safely?
Overview • More than 164,000 emergency room-treated injuries in the U.S. relating to ladder use both in the work place and at home. • Ladder accidents can be avoided. A ladder is one of the simplest and most easy-to-use tools in the construction industry. • Statistics suggest that people abuse and misuse ladders as a rule rather than as an exception. Common sense rules for ladder safety
DOE “Pros” at Work A worker securing a lid on an 8-foot tall plastic tank fell off a ladder when he reached out to his left and caused the unsecured ladder to slide to the left. He fell head-first into the other empty tank and bumped his head as he fell. Don’t be Humpty Dumpty
Causes of DOE Reported Ladder Fall Injuries • Forgetting rung position on the ladder while descending. • Carrying materials while ascending or descending ladders. • Climbing without 3-points of contact on the ladder. • Losing footing. • Choosing the wrong ladder for a task. • Not securing the ladder base to prevent shifting. • Positioning the ladder on unstable surfaces. • Working outside the ladder footprint. • Not paying attention when working around ladders.
Ladder Care • Clean off all slippery substances – oil, paint, water, etc. • Inspect condition • Lubricate hinges and sliding parts • Watch for weathering, cracks (weaknesses) • Protrusions (e.g., nails) • Store properly – not in walking areas, secured, & protected from the elements • Read the label – (e.g., maximum load)
Setting Up • Use the right equipment (e.g., step or extension) • Scaffolding or lifts may be called for • Ensure solid, non-skid surfaces at base and top • Extension ladder optimal angle is 75 ½° • 4:1 rule • Arms length rule • Minimize extension ladders while positioning • Top is last up, first down • Ensure all hinges and locks are engaged • Climb down and move ladder as the job moves horizontally
DO’s Face the ladder Stay centered – belt buckle rule Use a 3-point grip whenever possible Use a spotter for the bigger jobs Use extra care in wind and rain Use the proper steps Consider fall protection DON’Ts “Top out” 2nd rung on step ladder 4th rung on extention Sit on top Have more than one person climbing Mix metal ladders, water, and electrical wiring Get a “CUI” Carry (heavy) items Use tool belt or rope them up Climbing
Bottom Line • Wrong tool for the job • Faulty equipment • Unstable set up • Losing balance Consider hiring the job out to a “pro” THINK SAFETY 24/7 SHARE EXPERIENCES WITH FRIENDS & COWORKERS
Follow These Guidelines and … Always Remember to Maintain Three Points of Contact
Testimonial It CAN happen to you…