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UNIVERSITY of N ORTHERN C OLORADO. Ladder safety. To move forward press enter or the down arrow key To view the previous slide press backspace or the up arrow key. How to Move Forward/Backward when viewing this slide show. Step stools Straight or extension ladders 2 person job
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UNIVERSITY of NORTHERN COLORADO Ladder safety
To move forward press enter or the down arrow key To view the previous slide press backspace or the up arrow key How to Move Forward/Backwardwhen viewing this slide show
Step stools • Straight or extension ladders • 2 person job • Step or “A” frame ladders • 2-way step ladder • Platform ladder • Combination/jack ladder • Built-in mounted ladders • Manholes • Elevator shafts • Roof access Types of ladders
Using the wrong ladder for the job Using ladders incorrectly Using defective ladders Improper handling How can ladders be dangerous?
More than 500,000 people a year are treated for ladder-related injuries in the U.S., according to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons. Approximately 300 people in the U.S. die from ladder related injuries annually. Injuries
using a ladder safely • Use the correct ladder for the job • Take the time to get the right size and type of ladder • Check load capacities. • Don’t just use the most available one. • Consider the use and the need for a non-conductive ladder.
Getting Started • Determine the size and type of ladder you will need • Look at your work station-floor and wall • Secure your ladder properly • Check for hazards • Sprinkler heads • Will you be working with or around electrical energy? • A non-conductive ladder may be required • Watch out for overhead hazards • Power lines • Lights • Ceiling ledges • Pipes • Sprinkler heads
Pre-use ladder inspection • Check to make sure the rungs do not have oil or slippery substance on them • Check to make sure that rungs and rails are not split, broken, or damaged. • May need to tag it out for repairs. • If it can not be properly repaired cut it up and throw it away. • Check to make sure feet, slip locks, and spreaders are working properly
Set-up Considerations • Make sure the ladder is placed on an even surface • When working outside make sure the ground is not too soft to prevent sinking • Use the 4 to 1 ratio against a base for straight or extension ladders • Extend straight or extension ladders 3 rungs above the roof surface. • Tie off ladders against the building if working above 12 feet
Consider the Land Down-under • Barricade off area below your ladder so pedestrians don’t walk into or under your ladder while your on it. • Also you may drop something and injure someone passing by below you. • Use appropriate signage/notification, especially when working behind doors
Climbing tips • Keep at least a three point contact on the ladder at all times • Hold the side rails not the rungs when climbing or descending a ladder • Only take one step at a time • Do not stand on the top step of an “A-frame” ladder.
Move your Ladder! • Take the time to move a ladder instead of “over-reaching” your position. • If the center of your body is outside the rails, you are over-reaching • Never attempt to move a ladder while you are on it • Rock-n-roll • Hip-hop
Carrying materials • Use a tool belt to keep hands free • Lift materials from a hand line bucket from the ground • Have your partner hand you the tools you need once you are in position
Contractors in action • The following are examples of what NOT to do • Creative but VERY DANGEROUS ladder set-ups and operations
Ladder in a back-hoe bucket * DO NOT ATTEMPT
Ladder in a pool with an electric drill! * DO NOT ATTEMPT
Modified High-Lift or Extension Ladder? * DO NOT ATTEMPT
BE A LADDER SAFETY SUPERSTAR! This is about your safety so……
University of Northern Colorado Environmental Health & Safety 351-1963 or 351-1149 Call for questions or concerns! “Protect Yourself”