Personality Psychology Alfred Adler
History Alfred Adler • Born: February 1870 in Vienna, Austria • Died: 1937 in Aberdeen Scotland while on a lecture tour • Career: Adler received a medical degree from the University of Vienna in 1895. At first he specialized in ophthalmology. • By 1911, due to opposing views of the society, he terminated his association with the society and Freud. He eventually worked with the army, child guidance, and education. Eventually he moved to US and served as Professor of Medical Psychology at the Long Island College of Medicine.
History Inferiority/Superiority • As a child, Adler had medical issues that limited his development. • He also wanted to outdo his older brother in many areas. • This lead to his overall beliefs about how inferiority and superiority can motivate us.
Motivating Force Single motivating force • Striving for Perfection • Fulfill out potential. • Aggression Drive • Reaction we have when our other drives are frustrated.
Other Terms • Striving for Superiority • The individual strives to have perfect completion and self-realization. • Fictional Finalism. • This is an ideal that may be impossible to reach, but nonetheless motivates the individual.
Other Terms • Inferiority • A psychological, social or physical weakness. • Compensation helps us overcome the inferiority. • It is a push toward growth. • Originated with his ideas of organ inferiority.
Other Terms • Inferiority Complex • Overwhelming sense of inferiority; exaggerated and pathological • Superiority Complex • False feeling of power • More concerned with attaining selfish goals than with social interest
Style of Life • Our distinctive personality • How you live your life, handle problems & relationships • Developed by 5 years
Parenting How our parents treat us directly affects who we become. • Neglect • Pampering
Styles of Life • Ruling • High Activity, Low Social Interest • Getting (Leaning) • Low Activity, High Social Interest • Avoiding • Low Activity, Low Social Interest • Socially Useful • High Activity, High Social Interest
Birth Order • Only • First • Middle • Last