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Alfred Adler

Alfred Adler

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Alfred Adler

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  1. Alfred Adler Michelle Billy

  2. Alfred Adler’s life • Born on February 7, 1870 in the suburbs of Vienna • He didn’t walk until he was four because he had rickets • Rickets is when the bones are very weak and start to soften because of a lack of vitamin D, calcium and phosphate • When he was five, he almost died of pneumonia • All of these situations made him want to become a doctor

  3. Alfred Adler’s life continued • 1895– graduated from the University of Vienna with a medical degree • First he was an ophthalmologist then a general doctor • Later he was a doctor in a children’s hospital for the Austrian Army • 1926– became a lecturer for the Long Island College of medicine • Moved to the U.S. and became an psychiatrist • 1937– died of a heart attack while giving a lecture

  4. Interesting facts about Adler • Because he was failing math, his math teacher talked to his dad and told him that he should be removed from school • Adler worked harder and became the top of his class in math • Adler was the first feminist theorist • Wrote about women in his theory books • He learned to speak English on his own • he wanted to teach Americans about his theory

  5. Alfred Adler’s Individual Psychology Theory • Believed that everyone’s success was determined by their personal motivation and will to succeed • Believed that each person was unique and that all of the other theories were not made for everyone • Parts to his theory: • Goal Orientation • Unity of personality • Self-Determination and Uniqueness • Social Context • The Feeling of Community

  6. Goal Orientation • Everyone determines their own success by their goals • Their goals are not always conscious • We make goals without knowing that we made them • We make goals to make everything we do worth while and feel accomplished

  7. Unity of Personality • Thoughts feelings, emotions and behaviors can be understood through a person’s life style • The reasoning behind these are different for everyone because everyone is uniquely different • Each of these things can be linked together

  8. Social context • Three important life task: • Occupation • Love • Relationships with others • Larger systems that we are apart of: • Family • Community • All of humanity • Our planet • The way we respond to the first system is related to our views on life

  9. Community of feelings • We have set narratives in order to cope with being in the world • Someone without these narratives is considered self-absorbed • We use these narratives because we think there is a benefit • If we don’t think there will be a benefit, the narratives won’t be used

  10. Alfred Adler’s Dream Theory • Dreams are problem solving devices • The more dreams someone has, the more problems they are likely to have • The opposite is also true • It is important to learn from your dreams • Dreams are an open pathway to your thoughts, emotions and actions • Situations that occur in real life are made easier in dreams

  11. Life applications • The child is encouraged to overcome their bad feelings • Both parents and teacher can help their child/ student by sending them positive encouragement/ messages • The child is encouraged to correct assumptions, attitudes, behaviors, and feelings about themselves and the world that have been mistaken • Teachers and parents should model what they want to see from the child

  12. Bibliography • "Alfred Adler." Psychology History. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 May 2013. • "Alfred Adler: Theory and Application." Practical Psychology, Inspiring Change. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 May 2013. • "Dream Moods: Dream Theories: Alfred Adler." Dream Moods: Dream Theories: Alfred Adler. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 May 2013. • "Lowdoorway." Lowdoorway. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 May 2013.