Alfred Adler Presented by: Jake Metz and Megan Wolberg The grandfather of humanistic psychology
The basics • Alfred Adler was born February 7, 1870 in Pen zing, Austria He was born to a Jewish grain merchant. Who was very supportive throughout Adler’s sickness. • As a young child Adler developed Rickets, which kept the very active child from walking, because of this, he decided to become a physician.
The beginning… • Adler’s father was one of his earliest influence, because of his father he became determined to excel. • He was good at math. • Adler successfully earned his medical degree graduating from the University of Vienna, in 1895. • He began his medical career as an ophthalmologist
Psychology • At first he studied with Sigmund Freud, but Adler rejected Freud's emphasis on sex, and maintained that personality difficulties are rooted in a feeling of inferiority deriving from restrictions on the individual's need for self-assertion. • He came to view Freud inflexible in his views and obsessed with sex and death, so he started a new branch in psychology that he called individual psychology.
Individual psychology • He studied individual personalities by interviewing and studying one person at a time. • Was interested in this field of study because Alfred felt each person was unique and no previous theory applied to all people.
Major Discoveries • He basically discovered/founded Individual psychology • Alfred came up with the term inferiority complex "We all wish to overcome difficulties. We all strive to reach a goal by the attainment of which we shall feel strong, superior, and complete" • He also discovered that birth order had a lot to do with personality and how a person turned out to be (lifestyle)
His Literature • Study of Organ Inferiority and Its Psychical Compensation • Individual Psychology Of Alfred Adler • Case Of Miss R • Social Interest • Menschenkenntnis • What Life Could Mean to You • And Many more…
Influence on modern psychology • He taught us that everyone is different. • He greatly influenced therapy and child development • He also influenced important psychologists such as… Maslow, Rogers, and Horney
My Citations • "Alfred Adler." My Webspace Files. Web. 16 Sept. 2010. <http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/adler.html>. • "Alfred Adler." NNDB: Tracking the Entire World. Web. 16 Sept. 2010. <http://www.nndb.com/people/256/000097962/>.