Queen Elizabeth I Dominique McBride, Sarah Creighton, Sabrina Clark, Anna Stolarski
Profile • Who: Queen Elizabeth I • Parents: King Henry VIII & (2nd) wife Anne Boleyn • Born: Sunday September 7, 1533 around 3PM at Greenwich Palace • Religion: Protestant ( because she had to obey the Act of Supremacy) • Height: between 5’3” and 5’5” • Eyes: brown • Hair: curly golden red
Profile (cont’d) • Martial: never married, no children (although there was a suspected affair with Edward Seymour) • Died: Thursday March 24, 1603 at Richmond Palace at the age of 69 • Buried: Westminster Abbey, London • Nicknames: Good Queen Bess Gloriana The Virgin Queen
Infancy • She was the daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn • She was born September 7, 1533 in the Place of Placentia. • She was named after her parental grandmother, Elizabeth of York • Her mother was executed when she was 3 years old
Childhood • Her childhood was scarred after her mother died at the age of 3. • She was stripped of her princess title and simply called a lady. • Her and Edward VI became close because they were both motherless • She was given an impressive education, she learned Latin, Greek, Spanish, French, history, philosophy and math.
Childhood cont’d • Because of her father’s failed marriges and executions of his wives, Elizabeth was afraid of marriage • When she was 13 she had to cope with the death of her father.
Rise to Power • Became Queen Thursday November17, 1558 at the age of 25 • Reigned 4 years and 4 months • She was locked in the Tower of London by her half sister Mary, because she was a threat to the throne
Her Reign • Advisor were William Cecil, Lord Burghley, Sir Francis Walsingham, Sir Nicholas Bacon, and Sir Robert Cecil • Her step-uncle Edward Seymour (Edward VI’s uncle) wanted to marry her to gain power • Greatest Military threat was the Spanish Armada which sailed toward England in 1589. • England prevailed and became the supreme naval power.
Alliances • By 1568 English relations with the Hapsburgs (Catholic) deteriorated • She had ties to the French Huguenots, and secretly gave aid to them during the French Wars of Religion. • In 1572 she made an alliance with the French monarch, the St. Bartholomew’s day massacre strained the relationship but did not break it.
Her legacy • Militarily unsuccessful • She funded John Cabot, which resulted in the first English claim to overseas territory (Newfoundland) Despite this she was unable to build on those claims with permanent overseas settlements as the Stuarts did • Stabilized finances and religious conflicts after Bloody Mary • Patronized the arts and developed culture.
Bibliography • www.wikipedia.com • www.elizabethi.com • www.luminarium.org/renlit/eliza.htm • www.picsearch.com • www.tudorhistory.org
The Golden Age Movie Trailer • http://youtube.com/watch?v=8ICC67tPajY