APA Style 6th edition • APA (American Psychological Association) • rules for formatting & referencing sources for papers written in the social & behavioral Sciences • two aspects of apa style: • Format style(visual presentation) • Reference style (in text citation, ref. list)
Format:basics • font: times new roman • font size: 12 pt. • Line spacing: double spaced • Margins: one inch all around • indent first line of every paragraph
Format: page sections • four major sections of paper: • title page • Abstract • Body of Text • References page
Format: title page Centered, above halfway line of paper
Format: body of Text Indent
Format: References List Alphabetically
references: In-text • basic elements for citing …source within text: • Author’s last name: Smith • Year of publication: 2007 • Page number: p. 19 • (no page number for websites)
references:in-text • two ways to cite source: • Option (1): place reference atthe end of your sentence: • Indeed, "Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time" (Jones, 1998, p. 199). • Option (2): place reference within your sentence: • According to Jones (1998), "Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time" (p. 199).
references: in-text • Two ways to give information: • Direct quotation or paraphrase • direct quotation: • According to Jones (1998), “Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time” (p. 199). • paraphrase: • According to Jones (1998), APA style can pose a challenge for uninitiated students. • ^ You do not need page number for paraphrase
references: in-text • Long quotations (longer than 40 words) • block format (indent every line) • remove quotations • Jones' (1998) study found the following: . Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time citing sources. This difficulty could be attributed to the fact that many students failed to purchase a style manual or to …… ask their teacher for help. (p. 199)
references:in-text • referencing multiple authors in text: • One author: • (Walker, 2007, p.18). • According to Walker (2007)… • Two authors: • (Walker & Allen, 2004, p.29). • According to Walker and Allen (2004)… • Three authors (“et al.” for subsequent entries): • (Bradley, Ramirez, & Walker, 2002, p. 204). • According to Bradley, Ramirez and Walker… • More than six: • (Kosslyn, et al., 1996) • According to Kosslyn et al. (1996)… • Indirect source • According to Lacan, “The unconscious is structured like a language” (as cited in Smith, 2008, p. 34).
references: references list • in text references must be listed in references page • entries are listed alphabetically • last name, first name initial. Smith, C. (2007)….
references: references list • three common references: books, Articles from database, articles from website • book Last name, First name initial. (Year of publication). Title. Place of publication: Publisher. Brookfield, H. (2001). Exploring agrodiversity. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.
references: references list • Article from database • Last name, First initial. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number (issue number),page range. • Smyth, A. (2002). A study of enjoyment of peas. Journal of Abnormal Eating, 8 (3), 120-125.
references: references list • article from web site • Last name, First name initial. (Year of publication). Title of article. Retrieved from URL. • Jones, J. (2009). What’s happening in VPK. Retrieved from http://www.fldoe.org/learn
Writing center • room: Howard hall (q) 225 • Hours: M-Thur: 7:30am-9:30pm Fri: 8am – 4pm Sat: 9am—3pm