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Habitat and Adaptations

Habitat and Adaptations

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Habitat and Adaptations

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  1. Habitat and Adaptations

  2. Habitat = the neighborhood an animal lives in. Where does he live? Beaver Builds himself a lodge in lakes and wetlands

  3. Habitat How is the beaver equipped to live in this environment Thick oily fur to keep him warm Long teeth (incisors) to cut down trees Broad flat tail to swim Webbed hind feet Beaver

  4. Habitat The environment in which a species lives is called its habitat. • Provides shelter • Provides food and water • Has a climate to which animals are adapted • Has other animals of the same species so that they can reproduce

  5. Adaptation • Adjustments of a species to be more suited to live in an environment

  6. Adaptation to climate Red fox Arctic fox Fur: thick and white Small ears, short tail More compact body

  7. Adaptation • Adaptation to climate • Fur thickness, • Fur colour, • Animal body shape (ears and tail) • Body fat

  8. Adaptation to the way they move Ducks mostly move on water not on land  Have webbed feet

  9. Albatross compact, streamlined body with strong feet adjusted for swimming

  10. The claws of the chameleon help him walk on thin branches http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BRPYSbbIP24

  11. Adaptation • Adaptation to how they move • Webbed feet • body adapted to flying vs. swimming • opposing digits for climbing • Streamlined body of fish

  12. Adaptation to what they eat

  13. The function of different types of teeth Incisor (shred, cut) Canine (tear) Premolar and Molar (grind and crush)

  14. Adaptation to what they eat Herbivore: Well developed Molars Carnivore: Well developed Canines Rodent Herbivore: Well developed Incisors

  15. Which skull belongs to which animal?

  16. What are humans? • Omnivores All our teeth are well developed

  17. What do they eat? Red-tailed hawk • Short, strong, hooked beak Carnivor

  18. seeds, insects berries • Short, strong, wide beak cardinal

  19. Short and slender beak Insectivor Catches insects swallow

  20. Long, slender beak Nectar from flowers, insect eggs, aphids hummingbird

  21. Big, long, powerful beak Omnivore crow Everything they can find

  22. Adaptations to what they eat mammals birds Birds of prey (eat meat) > short strong hooked beak Cardinal (eats hard seeds) > short wide beak Swallow (eats insects) > short and slender beak Crow, sea gull (omnivore) > eat plants, seeds or meat > long strong, thick beak • Herbivores (eat plants) > well developed molars • Rodent herbivores (eat seeds and nuts) > well developed incisors • Carnivores ( eat meat) > well developed canines

  23. Adaptation to the way they communicate • Bright colors to attract female •  visual signal

  24. Adaptation to the way they communicate • Waggle dance to indicate which direction to find food •  visual signal http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-7ijI-g4jHg

  25. Adaptation to the way they communicate • Birds sing to attract females and to mark their territory •  auditory signal

  26. Adaptation to the way they communicate • Howling to confirm membership in the pack, signal readiness to hunt and mark territory. •  auditory signal

  27. Adaptation to the way they communicate • Whistle to stay in contact with other dolphins  Auditory signal

  28. Adaptation to the way they communicate • Skunks spray a liquid to ward off predators •  olfactory signal • Dogs, wolfs and moose use urine to mark their territory

  29. Adaptation Adaptation to the way they communicate • Visual signals - animal colours - animal movements • Auditory signals - birds sing to mark their territory - wolfs howl to confirm membership - dolphins whistle to stay in contact • Olfactory signals - skunks spray to warn predators - dogs urinate to mark their territory

  30. Adaptation to the way they orient Echolocation http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vpxEmD0gu0Q

  31. Plant adaptations • Plants need help to spread their seeds Dandelion Coconut palm

  32. Adaptation to the way seeds are spread http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=48YAHg-kY10

  33. Animals eating fruit spread the seeds of the fruit. Coffee beans that have gone through a monkeys digestive system are the most expensive coffee beans on earth.

  34. Plant adaptations • How to spread seeds. • Dandelion  wind • Coconut palm  water • Fruit producing plants  animals

  35. Plant adaptations Plants need the help of insects to fertilize their flowers Nectar deep inside flower Attraction through imitation Attraction through smell

  36. Plant adaptations • How to attract insects for fertilization • Smell • Imitation

  37. Plant adaptations – where they live • The needles of coniferous trees allow them to grow in colder regions. • Needles are covered with thick waxy layer to conserve water and heat.

  38. Plant adaptations – where they live • succulent plants store water in their trunks to survive the dry season

  39. Plant adaptations – where they live • = algae and fungi living together • Algae provides food • (photosynthesis) • Fungi provides moisture Lichen Symbiosis: A mutuallybeneficial relationship between two living organisms

  40. Plant adaptations • How to withstand climate. • Needles of coniferous trees more resistant. • Algae of lichens are protected by mushrooms. • Cacti store water in their stems.