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The Middle Ages. Chapter Seven. Bell Ringer. Create Vocabulary Note Cards for the following words: Clovis Medieval Charlemagne You need to: On the front of the card: Term and Definition On the back of the card: The Opposite Term and a Visual Representation. Charlemagne.
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The Middle Ages Chapter Seven
Bell Ringer • Create Vocabulary Note Cards for the following words: • Clovis • Medieval • Charlemagne • You need to: • On the front of the card: Term and Definition • On the back of the card: The Opposite Term and a Visual Representation
Charlemagne Chapter 7, Section 1
Europe Roman Empire After Roman Empire
Life After Rome • Lack of Political Unification • Localism • Citizens focused on their own little worlds • Little Trade/Migration • Kings wandered through their land • Taxes were paid to the nobles (country) and bishops (city) • Legislation was enforced by the nobles/bishops • Hard for kings to extend power
Post-Roman Kingships • Kingships emerged slowly • Lack of succession=CONFLICT • Mutilation/Death (kings must be whole) • “Warlordism” • Strongest, Craziest, Smartest Rules • Nobles had to be watched • Nobles wanted control of their subjects (feared king’s power) • Kings had to overpower them/reward them
Charlemagne • A Great King • Charisma, Forceful, Intelligent • Expanded Boundaries • Controlled: France, Holland, Belgium, Switzerland, most of Italy, Germany, Austria, Slovenia, part of Spain
Charlemagne • Crowned Holy Roman Emperor • Pope had NO Army • Bishops used to spy on Nobles • Fused Church and Monarchy • Restoring what it meant to be Roman • Christianity • Carolingian Script • Carolingian Renaissance • Reading and Writing • Manuscripts
Life After Charlemagne • Empire Split between his sons • Kingdom of Lochair • Kingdom of Charles the Bald • Kingdom of Louis the Germans • Sons were not as effective • Lacked Charisma • Nobles took more power
Assignment • Review Medieval Project (Due September 18th)
Who Am I Quiz? • Charlemagne, Clovis, or Both • Crowned the Holy Roman Emperor • King of the Franks • Converted to Christianity • Stressed the importance of Learning (literacy) • Used the Bishops for his own political needs, missidominici • Conquered Gaul in 486
Assignment • Feudalism Graphic Organizer • Fold Paper in half • Divide into 5 sections • Feudalism: What is feudalism? What were the mutual obligations? • Kings: What was the role of the King? What did they give? To whom? What did they receive? From whom? • Nobles/Lords: What was the role of the Nobles and the Lords? What did they give? To whom? What did they receive? From whom? • Knights: What was the role of the Knights/Vassal? What did they give? To whom? What did they receive? From whom? • Peasants: What was the role of the Peasants? What did they give? To whom? What did they receive? From whom?
Feudalism Chapter 7, Section 2
Bell Ringer • You are now in a feudal system: • Here are the rules: • No one can speak to me, except the King • The King can speak to anyone • The Nobles can speak to anyone but me • The Knights can not speak to me or the King • The Peasants can only speak to other peasants or the Knights • Your Feudal System • Kings (One Male) • Nobles (Four Males) • Knights (Eight Males) • Peasants (Everyone Else)
Feudalism • What is it? • Political and Social Make-up • Traditional View • Feudalism: set of personal relations among the members of the personal elite • Manorialism: economic relationship between lords and peasants • Serfdom: bound to land, no freedom to move (land or occupation)
Vassalage • Relationship based on Mutual Oaths • Vassals usually received fiefs from their lord (land, collect taxes, tolls on a bridge) and in return the vassals supplied knights to the Lords • Life-Long but not hereditary • You could leave • Enslavement • Adultery with wife • Plotted against you • Attacked him with a sword • You asked the lord for protect and he did not supply aid
Oath of Fealty • By the Lord before whom this sanctuary is holy, I will to __, to be true and faithful, and love all which he loves and shun all which he shuns, according to the laws of God and the order of the world. Nor will I ever with will or action, through word or deed, do anything which is unpleasing to him, on condition that he will hold to me as I shall deserve it, and that he will perform everything as it was in our agreement when I submitted myself to him and chose his will.
Manorialism • 3-Field System • Spring, Autumn, Fallow • Manor House/Church • Common Pasture (open to subjects) and Meadow • Certain Rights (based on Lord) • Closes: used to support Church or the Lord’s Animals
Manorialism • Communal Farming (Open Field System) • Land usually broken up by family, you got a percentage of the produce • Peasant (Serf) obligations mixed • You did whatever the Lord required • Orchards, Vineyard, Labor • Hunting: based on Lord (small game usually fine, big game reserved for Lord) • Mills, Bridges: owned by Lord (charged tax) • Rights of Justice: punishment, capital crimes (?)
Feudalism • 600-700s: feudal relationships emerge from tribes • 800-1000s: development of feudal and manorial relationships • 1000-1100s: crisis of lordships • What makes someone a Lord? • Armed, Capable of Using Violence, Establish Power, Force Lordship on Citizens • 1100-1300s: stabilization, development of parliaments
Assignment • Create Vocabulary Note Cards for the following words: • Feudalism • Vassal • Feudal Contract • Fief • Serf • Manor • You need to: • On the front of the card: Term and Definition • On the back of the card: The Opposite Term and a Visual Representation IF YOU WERE ABSENT THURS. OR FRIDAY ADD THE FOLLOWING WORDS FROM SECTION ONE: CLOVIS, MEDIEVAL, CHARLEMAGNE
The Church Chapter 7, Section 3
Bell Ringer • Charlemagne had a vision to create a unified Christian Empire. How could the creation of a European Christendom affect the balance between secular rulers (Kings) and the pope?
The Church Dominates Medieval Life • Parish Priest: • Mass, Bible, Sacraments • Sacraments=Everlasting Life • Baptism, Confession, Communion • Village Church: • Center of Life (Birth to Death) • Cathedrals: • Sense of pride and greatness
Monasteries and Convents • Monastic Life • Benedict created the Benedictine Rule for monks • Monks and Nuns took three vows • Obedience, Poverty, Chastity • Worship, Work, Study • Service and Scholarship • Health and Education • Poor, Sick, Wanderers, Missionaries • Manuscripts, Teaching
Church Power Grows • The Church’s Role in Society • Pope, spiritual leader and claimed papal supremacy • Many leaders of the church were related to government officials or were appointed to high secular office • Religious Authority and Political Power • Good Works, Believe in Christ, and Sacraments = HEAVEN • Developed its own body of law, cannon law, and court • Excommunication (no participation in church activity) • Interdict, excommunication of an entire village
Corruption and Reform • Pope Gregory VII • Limited the power of the King over the Church • Stopped the King from choosing the Bishops • What is happening in this photo? What is the significance?
Assignment • Illuminated Manuscript • Create an illuminated manuscript showing your knowledge about the power and workings of the Medieval Church • Write THE CHURCH down the side of your paper • Create an Acrostic poem where each letter begins a line telling something you know about the church • Illuminate the poem by drawing 4 margin pictures that go with the topics you covered in the text • Finalize the poem by highlighting the first letter (the T) as a decorated letter. You can do an outline, create symbols to go around it, frame it with pictures – anything to set it apart
The Economy of the Early Middle Ages Chapter 7, Section 4
Assignment • Complete Chapter 7, Section 4 Outline • Vocabulary Cards • Section Three: Sacrament, secular, papal supremacy, excommunication, interdict, St. Francis of Assisi, Benedictine Rule • Section Four: guild, apprentice, tenant farmer, middle class, journeymen
Assignment • Study Guide • Complete Study Guide • Vocabulary Cards • Create Vocabulary Cards for the following • Section Three: Sacrament, secular, papal supremacy, excommunication, interdict, St. Francis of Assisi, Benedictine Rule • Section Four: guild, apprentice, tenant farmer, middle class, journeymen