Knights KNIGHTS NEED A LOT OF ARMOUR • THE HELMET PROTECTS THE HEAD • THE CUISSE IS THE PART OF THE ARMOUR THAT PROTECTS THE THEIGH • THE GREAVE PROTECTS THE LEG FROM THE KNEE TO THEANKLE • THE GAUNTLET IS THE GLOVE A KNIGHT WAERS TO PROTECT HIS HAND • THE COAT OF MAIL IS A COAT OF METAL RINGS THAT IS WORN UNDER THE ARMOUR. THE VISOR IS THE MOVEABLE PART OF THE HELMET THAT PROTECTS THE EYES THE SHOULDER PIECE PROTECTS THE SHOULDER THE ELBOW PIECE PROTECTS THE ELBOW • THE KNEE PIECE PROTECTS THE KNEE • THE GORGET PROTECTS THE THROAT • THE TASSE IS A SERIES OF OVERLAPPING PLATES WHITCH TOGETHER FORM A SHORT SKIRT • THE CUIRASS IS A BREAST PLATE FROM THE NECK TO THE WAISTTHE SABATON COVERS THE FOOT • THE BRASSARD PROTECTS THE ARM
THE FEUDAL SYSTEM The feudal system during the middle ages was a way of life. The feudal system ranked people. The king was the highest ranked. The king owned all the land, and everyone worked for him. The nobles, barons, and bishops were next. They had to provide the king with a number of knights, money, advice, and a place to stay when traveling. The country was divided into many knights fees. The lord was after the nobles. They all had a manor, but they each had to supply the king with a knight. Villeinswere next. They received land for working for the lord, but couldn’t sell it. The serfs and peasants were on the bottom. They had no land even though they worked for the lords King Lord Nobles Serfs
CRAFTSMENAND SERFS • Serfs were mostly farmers and housewives, much like the villeins, but they weren’t free. They had certain rights, particularly to the land they could tend for themselves, but they and their children were considered the lord’s property. They spent as much as half their time tending his crops and doing other kinds of service . • Craftsmen of certain kinds worked in the villages and castles of the lord, rather than in the town. A village needed a farrier, for instance to put iron shoes on the lords’ horses, make and repair farm tools, mend pots and do other metal work.
Kings and Queens Kings and queens ruled the Middle Ages. Kings and queens have a lot of things even a jester who entertains them 24 /7. The king ruled most countries in Europe during the Middle Ages. The queen influenced the politics of the Middle Ages. Ruling the Middle Ages was hard, but it wasworth it.