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American Foreign Policy and national defense

American Foreign Policy and national defense

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American Foreign Policy and national defense

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  1. American Foreign Policy and national defense

  2. A. History of American Foreign Policy. • Isolationism-a purposeful refusal to become generally involved in the affairs of the rest of the world.

  3. a. The Monroe Doctrine-a statement of America’s intentions to stay out of the affairs of Europe while warning European nations to stay out of the affairs of the America’s.

  4. 2. Continental Expansion a. Manifest Destiny- a term used in the 1840s to justify the United States' westward expansion into such areas as Texas, Oregon, and California. 1. Treaty of Paris-gave America the great lakes, Florida, Atlantic Coast to the Mississippi.

  5. 2. Louisiana Purchase-doubled the size of the United States. 3. Texas was annexed in 1845.

  6. 4. US obtained Oregon Country by treaty with great Britain. 5. Mexico Ceded Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, Nevada, and Colorado. 6. Purchased Alaska from Russia.

  7. 2. US a World Power a. Spanish American War-lead to American Imperialism, gained Philippines, and Guam, and Puerto Rico. b. Good Neighbor Policy-With Roosevelt Corollary, addition to Monroe Doctrine, US policed South and Latin America.

  8. c. Open Door Policy in China 3. World War’s a. WWI-America enters WWI to make the world safe for Democracy b. After attack on Pearl Harbor US enters the war, and becomes a major supplier, helping our economy become a major player.

  9. 3. Foreign Policy from 1945 to Today • Truman Doctrine and Containment- 1. policy to limit spread of communism which was the government and economic system of the OTHER world Power at the time, Soviet Union. 2. Berlin Blockade 3. Cuban Missile Crisis 4. Korean War 5. Vietnam

  10. b. Foreign Aid-Economic and military aid to other countries. c. Alliances- 1. NATO 2. Rio Pact 3. ANZUS 4. Japanese Pact 5. Philippines Pact 6. Korean Pact 7. Taiwan Pact

  11. Department of State

  12. A. State Department • 1. headed by the secretary of state, and is the president’s right arm in foreign affairs. • 2. Secretary is named by President. • A. 1st among President’s Cabinet • B. Duties: Making and conducting policy managing the work of the department, overseas post

  13. 3. Foreign Service-Over 4200 people represent the United States Abroad. a. Right of Legation-the right to send and receive diplomatic representatives.

  14. b. Ambassadors-personal representative of the President of the United States. 1. Reports to the President through the secretary of state. 2. Diplomatic Immunity-ambassadors are not subject to the laws of the state that they are accredited.

  15. Cannot be arrested, sued, or taxed. • Official Residences cannot be searched. • Official papers, communications, and other properties are also protected. • Essential to conduct foreign relations. • Ambassadors may not abuse their privileged status.

  16. 4. Goal of the State Department A. To create a more secure, democratic, and prosperous world for the benefit of the American people and the international community

  17. B. Current Policies 1. Establish strong National Security 2. Support Human Rights 3. Support War on Drugs 4. Support Democratic Nations 5. Provide Economic Aid

  18. The Defense Department

  19. A. Defense Department • 1. Elected President is the commander in chief of armed forces. • 2. Secretary of Defense is appointed by the president and subject to Senate Confirmation.

  20. President’s chief aide and advisor in making and carrying out defense policy. • Operating head of the Defense Department with 2 million men and women in uniform, and 900,000 civilian employees. • Domain is called the pentagon. • 20% of federal spending goes to military.

  21. C. Military Departments • 1. Department of the Army • 2. Department of the Navy • 3. Department of Air Force -Marine Corps was established by Second Continental Congress in 1775. It operates as a separate armed service, but is within the Navy Department.

  22. D. Goal of Department of Defense 1. Investing in a strong, agile, well-trained, and well-equipped U.S. military that can fight and win the nation’s wars.

  23. 2. U.S. Armed Forces must be able to prevail in current operations and the missions they are most likely to face.

  24. 3. Develop capabilities to deter potential adversaries and provide a hedge against other risks and contingencies.

  25. E. Policies 1. Take Care of Our Troops, Military Families, and Veterans 2. Rebalance Defense Capabilities for the 21st Century 3. Reform Procurement, Acquisition, and Contracting

  26. 4. Develop and Resource Strategies to Succeed in Current Conflicts 5. Strengthen Our Alliances and Partnerships