PASSIVE VOICE BE + PAST PARTICIPLE
Look at theseexamples: • My house was built in 1930. • subject • We use a passive verb to say what happens to the subject. • This house was built by my grandfather. • Two hundred people are employed by a big company. • Somebodybuiltmy house in 1930. • subject object • We use an active verb to say what the subject does. • My grandfather built my house. • A big company employs two hundred people.
Whenwe use thepassive, whoorwhatcauses theactionisoftenunknownorunimportant. • A lot of moneywasstolen. (somebobystoleitbutwedon’tknowwho) • Isthisroomcleanedeveryday? (Doessomebodycleanit? – it’snotimportantwho) • Ifwewanttosaywhodoesorwhat causes theaction, we use by… • Myhousewasbuiltbymygrandfather. • Twohundredpeople are employedbythecompany.
In theactivesentence, thefocus in more onthesubject.In thepassivesentence, thefocusis more ontheaction. (whathappens)
Thepassiveis: be + pastparticiple Present simple Past simple + This picture was painted by Picasso. The pyramids were buit by the Egyptians. - It wasn’t painted by Dali. They weren’t built by the Greeks. ? When was it painted? Why were they built? • + Risotto is made with rice. • These offices are cleaned every morning. • It isn’t made with pasta. • They aren’t cleaned on Saturdays. • ? Is it made with meat? • Are they cleaned on Sundays?