How to Play Football: NFL Style. Mark St. Jean Ryan Welsh Alex Clark Charles Angotto. History of the NFL. Professional football first took place in the United States in 1895 in the town of Latrobe, Pennsylvania.
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How to Play Football: NFL Style Mark St. Jean Ryan Welsh Alex Clark Charles Angotto
History of the NFL • Professional football first took place in the United States in 1895 in the town of Latrobe, Pennsylvania. • The American Professional Football Association was formed in 1920 before giving way to the NFL in 1922. • In 1946 the All-America Football Conference was formed, as an NFL rival. It included teams such as the San Francisco 49ers, the Baltimore Colts, and the Cleveland Browns. • The leagues merged in 1950.
History (continued) • Professional football became more popular when CBS began broadcasting select games in the late 1950s. • The Packers defeated the Chiefs, 35-10, to win the first Super Bowl in 1967. • The AFC and NFC conferences were established with 13 teams each in 1970. • That same year, ABC created Monday Night Football, which featured a Monday night matchup between two popular teams. This program was an instant success and served to further increase the NFL’s popularity.
The NFL Today • The regular season currently consists of 16 games per team, with 4 preseason games and 3 rounds of postseason play. • The NFC and AFC each consist of four divisions: North, South, East, and West. • There are four teams per division, with a total of 32 teams in the NFL. • This season, the NFL has been issuing large fines to players for illegal contact during games in an attempt to make the game safer for its players.
The Future of the NFL • The NFL plans to reduce the preseason down to 2 games, and increase the regular season to 18 games. The postseason will remain at 3 rounds. • New technology will be embraced to make the game safer for players. Such technology may include air cell shock absorb helmets and footballs that have built in sensors to indicate whether or not they crossed the first down or goal line.
A prototype image of the X-1 helmet from Xenith. Image courtesy of MSNBC.
Offensive Positions: Linemen • Offensive line • Offensive Tackle- Outermost player on the line of scrimmage (2) • Primary Skill-Run and Pass Block • Offensive Guard- Player directly beside the tackle to the inside of the line(between the Tackle and the Center)(2) • Primary Skill- Run and Pass Block • Center- Innermost lineman between the two guards who snaps the ball to the quarterback (1) • Primary Skill- Snap the Ball and Run and Pass Block
Offensive Positions: Receivers • Wide Receivers • Wide Receiver/Flanker- Two Players closest to the sidelines on opposite sides • Primary Skill-Catching the ball when thrown to • Slot Man/Split End- Player in between the outermost lineman and the Flanker • Primary Skill- Catching the ball across the middle of the field • Tight End- Player directly next to the tackle on the line of scrimmage • Primary Skill- Run Blocking/Catching SE TE SE FL TE
Offensive Positions: Backfield • Quarterback • Throws, hands off, or runs the ball each down • Begins each play behind the center • Running Backs • Halfback/Tailback- Farthest player behind center when the ball is snapped • Primary Skill- Running the ball downfield • Fullback- Player behind quarterback and in front of running back • Primary Skill- Run Blocking/Carrying SE TE SE FL QB FB TB
Defensive Positions: Linemen • Defensive End • Outermost Lineman • Primary Skill- Rushing the Passer • Defensive Tackle/Nose Guard • Innermost Lineman • Primary Skill- Run Stopping
Defensive Positions: Linebackers • Outside Linebackers • Strong Side- Player behind the Defensive End on the right side • Primary Skill- Coverage, Run Stopping, and Pass Rush • Weak Side- Player behind the Defensive End on the left side • Primary Skill- Coverage, Run Stopping, and Pass Rush • Inside Linebacker • Mike Linebacker- Player in between the two Outside Linebackers • Primary Skill- Leader of the Defense as well as Coverage, Run Stopping , and Pass Rush
Defensive Positions: Defensive Backs • Cornerback • Player closest to the sideline opposite the Receivers • Primary Skill- Pass Coverage • Free Safety • Player behind the Linebackers on the left side • Primary Skill- Pass Coverage • Strong Safety • Player Behind the Linebackers on the right side • Primary Skill- Pass Coverage, Blitzing, and Run Stopping
Defense VS. Offense FS SS
Special Teams Positions • Place Kicker • Kicks the ball away to begin the game • Kicks Field Goals • Punter • Punts the ball away on 4th down • Punts the ball away after a Safety • Long Snapper • Snaps the ball to the punter • Snaps the ball to the holder • Holder • Holds the ball on Field Goals • Often a Backup Quarterback or the Punter
Objective (offense) • Advance the ball into the opposite end zone, 6 points • Advance ball 10 yards, given 4 tries • Complete 2 point conversions, 2 points
Objective (special teams) • Kick field goals, 3 points • Kick extra points, 1 point • Kick off to opposing team • Punt to opposing team • Receive kick/punt from opposing team • Block extra points/field goals of opposing team
Objective (defense) • Stop advance of opposing teams offense • Take the ball from the offense by fumble or interception • Stop opposing team’s 2 point conversion • Force opposing offense into a safety, 2 points
Works Cited • http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/39058533/ns/technology_and_science-innovation/ • http://www.nflfootballhistory.net/index.htm • http://www.ualberta.ca/~kclay/CFLSite/OffenceForm.gif