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Studying POETRY

Studying POETRY

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Studying POETRY

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  1. Studying POETRY Types of poems

  2. satiric poem • a poem which ridicules institutions or individuals

  3. didactic poem • a poem which teaches a lesson

  4. descriptive poem • includes great detail of the subject

  5. dramatic poem • the poet reveals himself/herself through the writing

  6. haiku • a Japanese form of poetry that represents the poet’s impression of something from nature (an object or scene); comprised of 3 lines with a total of 17 syllables (5,7,5)

  7. alphabet poem • a poem using the linear order of the letters of any portion of the alphabet at the start of each line A ge B irth C offin D esire E ternity

  8. calligram poem • the lines of the poem are arranged in the shape of the subject of the poem; also called shape or pattern poetry

  9. narrative poetry • poetry which tells a story; varies in length; includes epic, metrical romance, and ballad

  10. epic poem (a type of narrative poetry) • a long narrative poem centered on a heroic figure

  11. metrical romance poem (a type of narrative poetry) • a long, imaginative narrative involving knights and royalty, brave men and beautiful ladies; it treats romantically such themes as love, religion, or chivalry

  12. ballad poem (a type of narrative poetry) • a simple narrative poem, meant to be recited or sung; a song which tells a story

  13. lyric poem • originally songs to be sung; short poetry which expresses the thoughts, experiences, feelings, or emotions of the poet; includes ode, elegy, sonnet, song, epigram, dirge, and simple

  14. ode poem (a type of lyric poetry) • a lyric poem which expresses praise or great enthusiasm for someone or something

  15. elegy poem (a type of lyric poetry) • a lyric poem which is about death or expresses grief for the dead

  16. sonnet poem (a type of lyric poetry) • a lyric poem with a special form; it is a complete poem of 14 lines, usually written in iambic pentameter

  17. song poem (a type of lyric poetry) • a fairly short lyric poem which is intended to be sung

  18. epigram poem (a type of lyric poetry) • a very short poem which is polished, condensed, and pointed; often ends with a surprising or witty thought

  19. dirge poem (a type of lyric poetry) • expresses grief on the occasion of death; short and usually sung

  20. simple lyric poem (a type of lyric poetry) • a lyric poem which does not fit one of the other types

  21. diamante poem • seven lines forming a diamond • lines 1 & 7 contain opposite nouns • lines 2 & 6 each contain two ‘ing’ verbs referring to the closest noun • lines 3 & 5 each contain three adjectives that refer to the closest noun

  22. diamante poem • line 4 contains four nouns – the first two relate to the noun in line 1; the final two relate to the noun in line 7

  23. acrostic poem • begins with a word, name or message written vertically; the poem is based on this subject; the first word of each line begins with one of the letters in the vertical subject

  24. clerihew poem • a humorous 4-line poem about a celebrity or historical figure; line 1 ends with the person’s name; line 2 rhymes with line 1; lines 3 and 4 rhyme

  25. cinquain poem • a 5-line poem on any subject; it follows the syllable pattern 2,4,6,8,2

  26. limerick poem • usually tells of an absurd experience and ends humorously; lines 1, 2, and 5 rhyme; lines 3 and 4 rhyme

  27. tanka poem • Japanese poetry, on any subject; five lines; follows the syllable pattern 5, 7, 5, 7, 7