KoreanWar • - Result of the political • division of Korea • - North Korean armed forces attacked South Korea across the 38th parallel. • -an armistice was signed • - creation of a Demilitarized Zone
In post-war reforms, the government encouraged small landowners to farm with the aid of imported chemical fertilizer. • The country became largely self-sufficient in food.
THE UNITED STATES AND SOUTH KOREA President Roh Moo-hyun More recently, South Korea has drawn closer to the United States. At the London G-20 Summit in 2009, President Obama called the country: “one of America’s closest allies and greatest friends.”
PROSPECTS FOR REUNIFICATION Extant differences make reunification problematic. South Korea wants to reunify in stages: Diplomatic contacts to build trust; Investment in special economic ones in the North Down the line when the economic gap has been narrowed, full unification. President Kim Dae Jung of South Korea met with President Kim Jong II of North Korea to reduce tension between the two countries and promote peace and reconciliation. This decision, made by President Kim, became known as the “Sunshine Policy.” As a result of the meeting, both sides have stopped propaganda broadcasts across the border and allowed a limited number of cross-border visits for family reunification.