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Passive Voice Review PowerPoint Presentation
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Passive Voice Review

Passive Voice Review

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Passive Voice Review

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  1. Passive Voice Review

  2. Passive Voice Review • When the verb is in the active voice (from ago, agere, egi, actum – to act), the subject performs the action. • When the verb is in the passive voice (from patior, pati, pasus sum – to undergo, experience), the subject is acted upon & is the recipient of the action. • Example: • Puerclamorem audit. • The boy hears a shout. • Clamor ā pueroauditer. • The shout is heard by the boy.

  3. Passive Voice Review:Present Passive • The rule for forming the present passive is a simple one: simply substitute the present passive endings (-r, -ris, -tur; mur, -mini, -ntur) for the active ones (o/m, -s, -t; -mus, -tis, -nt).

  4. Passive Voice Review:Imperfect Passive • The rule for forming the imperfect passive is a simple one: simply substitute the imperfect passive endings (-bar, -baris, -batur; bamur, -bamini, -bantur) for the active ones (-bam, -bas, -bat; -bamus, -batis, -bant).

  5. Passive Voice Review:Perfect Passive • The rule for forming the perfect passive is also simple: a verb’s perfect passive participle (the 4th principal part) is combined with a form of sum. • The participle in the perfect passive verb must agree with the subject in person, number, and case. • Beware of mistranslations as is praised for laudatusestcaused by looking at the form of esse and the participle separately.

  6. Passive Voice Review:Pluperfect Passive • The rule for forming the pluperfect passive is also simple: a verb’s perfect passive participle (the 4th principal part) is combined with a form of eram. • The participle in the pluperfect passive verb must agree with the subject in person, number, and case. • Beware of mistranslations as was praised for laudatuseratcaused by looking at the form of esse and the participle separately. • Remember, it is the presence of the perfect participle that is responsible for the past tense translation of the verb phrase

  7. Future Passive: for later

  8. Passive Voice Review: Future Passive (1st/2nd conjugation ) • The rules for forming the future passive indicative are different for 1st/2nd conjugation verbs and 3rd/4th conjugation verbs. These differences reflect the difference in formation for their regular future tense forms. • For 1st/2nd conjugation verbs simplysubstitute the futurepassive endings (-bor, -beris, -bitur; bimur, -bimini, -buntur) for the active ones (-bo, -bis, -bit; -bimus, -bitis, -bunt).

  9. Passive Voice Review:Future Passive (3rd/4th conjugation ) • For 3rd/4th conjugation verbs, remember that the letter “a” is the future tense marker for the 1st person singular and the letter “e” is the future tense marker for rest of the forms.

  10. Passive Voice Review:Future Perfect Passive • The rule for forming the future perfect passive is also simple: a verb’s perfect passive participle (the 4th principal part) is combined with a form of ero. • The participle in the pluperfect passive verb must agree with the subject in person, number, and case. • Beware of mistranslations as will be for laudatuseritcaused by looking at the form of esse and the participle separately