Bull’s Eye I shall be able to: • Differentiate the three moods of the verb. • Identify the mood of the verb in sentences. • Write sentences for each mood of the verb.
Hyper Link : Mast-EAR Piece Get the CD entitled “If I were a boy” from your teacher. Listen to the song twice. The first round of the listening task should focus on appreciation. So just relax while listening to the song. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EE57oaVEQZA Now, for the second round, I want you to observe the verbs in the song. What mood of the verb is dominant in the song? Do you know what a mood is? Let us see what you know about the moods of the verb. See next page for an activity.
Knowledge Scan Identify the mood (indicative, imperative, or subjunctive) of each underlined verb. Write your answer on the space provided. __________ 1. The banks demand that interest be reasonable. __________ 2. I insist that you attend to the matter now. __________ 3. It is your duty to go. __________ 4. I wish I were rich. __________ 5. Fill out the form and mail it today. __________ 6. Hurry up. __________ 7. The committee meets today at four. __________ 8. His salary was lower than a shoe clerk’s. __________ 9. What is the controversy about? __________ 10. No sooner had we arrived than the play begun. You may now check your answers. See next page for the key to correction.
Knowledge Scan : Key • Subjunctive • Subjunctive • Indicative • Subjunctive • Imperative • Imperative • Indicative • Indicative • Indicative • Indicative How’s your score? Did you receive a good mark? If yes, congratulations! If not, let us try to explainthemoods of the verb. Are you ready? If you are, see next page.
Tab of Ideas : Eye Know Look at these icons, what is the emotion shown by each? Write your answer on the space provided. Check your work using the key on the next page.
Eye Know : Key The icons show an in love, a shocked, and a happy face. Good job! You identified the emotions correctly! Those emotions are the representations of “mood” for people. However, in our focus for today, we are going to talk about “different” moods – the moods of the verb. Tab of Ideas The mood refers to the forms of the verb indicating the manner in which the action is thought or expressed. There are three basic moods the indicative, imperative, and subjunctive mood. Let us try to talk about one mood at a time.
Tab of Ideas : Indicative • Indicative Mood • Is the usual form of the verb • States a fact or asks a question • Is used most of the time Look at these examples: • He is an honest man. • Is Phoenix the capital of the Arizona? • Last Saturday I saw Ann and her mother. • Why are you here? • We shall go home this afternoon. The main rule in the indicative mood is to state “fact”. Just observe subject-verb agreement (singular subject + singular verb / plural subject + plural verb) and use the correct tense of the verb.
Practice : Indicative • Write “Yes” if the underlined verb expresses an indicative mood. • Write “No” if the underlined verb does not express an indicative mood. • We are in a witch-hunting season again. • ___________________ • The government is looking at other options. • ___________________ • The book is considered easy reading. • ___________________ • Do you like your job? • ___________________ • What is El Niño? • ___________________ See next page for the correct answers.
Practice: Key You may now check your work, if you have questions, approach your facilitator. • Yes • Yes • Yes • Yes • Yes You’re on the right track now! You may now see the next page for the next activity.
Practice : Write Thing • Write ten sentences using the indicative mood of the verb. • Use any or all of the following topics for your sentences: • Halloween • Christmas • Valentine’s Day • New Year’s Eve • Graduation Ask your teacher to check your work. Keep working on it! You’re doing better.
Tab of Ideas : Imperative • Does the song that you have listened a while ago contain verbs in the indicative mood? If you are not yet sure, let us now talk about the imperative mood to give you a clearer view. • Imperative Mood • Expresses a command, directive, or a request. • Is used ONLY in the second person (You) • Has ONLY the present tense Look at these examples: • Please answer the phone. • Keep your hands off the door. • Be a man. • Do your work. • Do the right thing. Keep in mind that when you are using the imperative mood, you do not need to include the subject. For instance, (You) please answer the phone. It is always understood that when you use the imperative mood, you are referring to one an addressee (you).
Practice : Imperative • Write “Go” if the underlined verb expresses an imperative mood. • Write “Stop” if the underlined verb does not express an imperative mood. • Wait for your turn. • ___________________ • Keep off the grass. • ___________________ • She requested the students to keep quiet. • ___________________ • Turn off the lights. • ___________________ • Do not cheat. • ___________________ See next page for the correct answers.
Practice: Key You may now check your work, if you have questions, approach your facilitator. • Yes • Yes • No • Yes • Yes You are really learning a lot! You may now see the next page for the next activity.
Practice : Write Thing • Write ten sentences using the imperative mood of the verb. • Use any or all of the following topics for your sentences: • Steps to cook a rice • Tips to obtain high grades • Ways to prevent dengue • Rules inside the church • Rules inside a mall Ask your teacher to check your work. You’re really going to town!
Tab of Ideas : Subjunctive • Let us now talk about the subjunctive mood of the verb. • Uses of the Subjunctive Mood 1. Expresses wish or regret Look at these examples: • I wish I were older. • I wish that he were wiser. 2. Expresses a condition contrary to fact Look at these examples: • If today were Sunday, I would go home. • If she were thinner, she would be lovelier. An if-clause is sometimes in the subjunctive mood. The present tendency, however, is toward the use of indicative mood. For instance, If she is thinner, she will be lovelier. If she is guilty, she must suffer the consequences.
Tab of Ideas : Subjunctive 3. Expresses concession, contrary to fact Look at these examples: • He looks as if he were guilty. (highly improbable) • He looks as if he is guilty. (highly possible) • He acts as though he were drugged. (highly improbable) • He acts as though he is drugged (highly possible) 4. Expresses indirect imperative Look at these examples: • I insist that he tell the truth. • The terms of the agreement demand that the controversy be settled amicably. After the word/s even though, if, as if, as though were is used instead of was if the possibility is highly improbable. Use is or was if you are considering a genuine possibility. Remember to use the base form of the verb.
Tab of Ideas : Subjunctive 5. Is used in motions and resolutions Look at these examples: • I move that the minutes be approved. • Resolved, that the question be submitted to a committee. 6. Expresses hope and prayer Look at these examples: • Peace be with you. • God forbid. Verb forms in the subjunctive mood make no distinction between singular and plural.
Practice : Subjunctive • Let us see how far have you learned. • Write “Fairy” if the underlined verb expresses a subjunctive mood. • Write “Genie” if the underlined verb does not express a subjunctive mood. • I insist that Ellen come with us. • ___________________ • She talked as if she knew every detail of the story. • ___________________ • God forbid! • ___________________ • Peace be with you. • ___________________ • I wish you were here. • ___________________ See next page for the correct answers.
Practice: Key You may now check your work, if you have questions, approach your teacher. • Fairy • Fairy • Fairy • Fairy • Fairy You really make my job fun! You may now see the next page for the next activity.
Practice : Write Thing • Write a one paragraph essay using the subjunctive mood of the verb. • Use one of the following topics for your sentences: • If I were the president of the U.S… • If I were a business tycoon… • If I were to live in another country… • If I were to receive a gift… • I wish… Ask your teacher to check your work. That’s quite an improvement!
Mast-EAR Piece Now that you are done with the review, let us go back to our question a while ago: What mood of the verb is predominant in the song “If I were a Boy”? If your answer is subjunctive mood, you got it right! Do you have other questions about the moods of the verbs? If yes, you may review the Tab of Ideas. If none, see next page for your next challenge. Good luck!
Mind Check Let us see how far have you learned. 1. Choose a song. Underline ten verbs and identify the mood of each verb. 2. Choose 10 quotable quotes from movies, TV shows, or commercials. Underline a verb in each quote and identify its mood. Use short bond papers for this task. Submit your output to your teacher. Once your done, ask your teacher to check your work.
I bet your Mom and Dad will be proud of this!