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Moods of Verbs

Moods of Verbs

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Moods of Verbs

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  1. Moods of Verbs Fall 2012

  2. 5 Moods of Verbs • Indicative • States the facts • Subjunctive • States possibilities, conjectures, “what if” • Imperative • States commands • Interrogative • Asks questions • Conditional • Indicating conditional state that will cause something else

  3. The Indicative Mood • Most common • Used to express facts and opinions or to make inquiries • Most statements made are indicative • Example: • Joe picks up the boxes. • The German shepherd fetches the stick. • Charlie closes the window.

  4. The Subjunctive Mood • Used to express hypothetical and “counterfactual” statements • Example: • What if? • I wish… • I would… • I could… • If I were…

  5. The Imperative Mood • Used to give orders or make requests • Often used with the understood “you” • Example: • Pick up those boxes. • Fetch. • Close the window.

  6. The Interrogative Mood • Used in asking questions • Puts the helping verb in front of the subject • Example: • Will you leave me alone? • Are you sure? • Do you have brown hair?

  7. The Conditional Mood • Marked by the words might, could, would • Usually contains a subordinate conjunction like if • Example: • The bomb might explode if I jiggle that switch.